FM Dostoevky "Crime and Punishment" wrote in an exceptionally difficult situation.A large loss in the casino, the lack of money and prospects ... This novel was the only salvation from financial ruin.Surely these circumstances affected the theme works, and the position of the author - as far as we can speak in this case.Yet Dostoevsky does not give estimates of his characters, he just tells the story.
«Crime and Punishment" in the school
FM Dostoevsky's "Crime and Punishment" - just looks so one of the points of the school curriculum.Tastes of the Ministry of Education did not cease to amaze.Why this novel?After all this work is clearly not intended for an audience of children aged 15-16.They simply do not understand.Not because stupid or poorly studied.Just very much specific book.Sincere characteristic of the novel "Crime and Punishment", this statistical average schoolboy will categorical.Boring!And pointless.The protagonist of what had killed the old woman, robbed, spend the money failed, then s
It sees the novel as a student and, in fact, correctly sees.Because of his life experience does not allow the book to notice something more, to read between the lines.So baby, looking at the picture, she saw two dolphins and a grown man - naked couple intertwining arms.And so, and commercials - correctly.Just everything has its time and its place.
For students who read the novel "Crime and Punishment", the meaning of the name of the book is obvious.The crime - murder, punishment - hard labor.Just as ABC.To see the double bottom product, you need to ... not that it is to grow.No matter the age.It is necessary to live, to gain experience.Learning to see deeper, more.Yet Dostoevsky detective wrote on the unlucky killer, not the scope of the author.
Dostoevsky's characters may be good, may be evil, but they are always - alive and whole.This is - people who commit ordinary human actions and feel normal human emotions.Do not supermen, not geniuses, not cardboard villains.Just people.He, more than anyone, knows how to convey the slightest movement of the soul of the character, the subtlest nuance of thought.With photographic precision draws the personality of the hero, as an experienced daktiloskopist - fingerprints.
Thus Dostoevsky - a bad stylist.He wrote hard and straight, even roughly.His novels never take away the brilliant, witty quotes."Crime and Punishment" - by no means a masterpiece in this regard, so it is quite hard to read someone not accustomed to overcome the resistance of the text.But if you try, you get used to a particular author syllable if to listen to what they say heroes ... if so read the novel "Crime and Punishment", the meaning of the name is different.
Deep rod scene - not murder.This is just one of the episodes, albeit very significant.It is important to it.Important reason why the crime is committed, and the events that followed.
What Dostoevsky wrote?
So what is this book - "Crime and Punishment"?Description of the novel takes a few lines.
protagonist of the book, Raskolnikov - a rather interesting personality.The student, a revolutionary, an ardent idealist, he is poor.He is nothing to pay for his studies, his family life is full of hardships.Sister even decided to marry unloved, but a rich man to provide close livelihoods.Raskolnikov realizes that he must do something.Take the money.
This Rodion convinced that the world is divided into the strengths and weaknesses, petty and grand.And first there is pointless and useless, and the second - the lords of the world, which can not be distributed ordinary human laws and regulations.Such is absolutely Nietzschean theory.And, of course, Raskolnikov believes he insignificant and can not be weak.He - not the same.He - a different breed.
Nietzschean ideology and reality
In the novel "Crime and Punishment," the main thing - it is a conflict that is quite popular in those days, the idea to reality.It is constructed plot.Following his idea, Raskolnikov decides to kill the prosperous old woman - because she is a nobody, in contrast to this, the person is aware of his destiny.And he does it.
From the novel hardly borrow a quote."Crime and Punishment" - a rather meager material for fans of aphorisms.But the phrase: "I'm trembling creature or the right have?" - Familiar to everyone.That's it - the essence of the novel, the essence of the conflict and the engine of the plot.It is the whole point.
Because commit murder, Raskolnikov realizes that his theory was wrong.All people are equal, and there are laws for all.Let the old woman was vile and disgusting, even if there are people in a thousand, a million times better - murder is murder.And he - not the ideal superman.He is "not allowed."This was clearly stated by its own Raskolnikov's conscience.
Do not murder, and not servitude
That's what is written the novel "Crime and Punishment."The meaning of the name is much deeper than the usual bunch of murder-hard labor.In their ideas Raskolnikov rejected moral standards, denied the very concept of morality.Thus separated himself from mankind, claiming the place of God.This was his crime.The vanity and narcissism, in pride.Murder - just a consequence.
and punishment - not a prison sentence.This - the pangs of conscience, it is - the collapse of the ideals of life, it is - awareness of meaninglessness, the futility of crime.To do this, and needed a moment with no money spent.I do not just killed, but in vain killed.Dreams of making great, help those in need - and I could not, because they were too weak.The hero realizes he - not the one who considered himself to be.Just an ordinary person, the same as everyone else.Trembling creature.And live with it on Raskolnikov unbearable.
Morality in Dostoevsky's novels
For Dostoevsky following question morals - or the voice of God in the soul - one of the key in the works.His characters can not be happy outside this conditional outlined circle.It is not religion.Dostoevsky, despite the specificity of his personality, or perhaps because of it, thought humanism, morality natural property of the human soul.And it is in the Christian, not in the secular sense of the word.Pure soul prostitute - through image, which is present in almost all the works of the author.And the holy fool - type who loves Dostoyevsky."Crime and Punishment" in this regard is no exception.Crushed blame him consciousness of reality, Raskolnikov finds support in the face of Sonia Marmeladova.The poor girl who became a prostitute to help the family.
Crime and criminals
In fact, Sonia - both the antithesis and the logical extension of the image of Raskolnikov.The man transgressed morality for the sake of money.But in her case, was not the driving factor of self-affirmation and altruism.Therefore, unlike the protagonist, Sonia has retained spiritual purity.That Raskolnikov it helps to overcome the crisis, she tells him the idea of repentance as a way to atone for sin.And Raskolnikov does come with guilt.Although he is not sorry for the old woman, no sympathy he felt and experienced.He was sorry for herself, sorry previous life, sorry for all the lost self-esteem.And repentance, in fact - just a way to restore it.
In the text there is a funny phrase.She says the investigator, whose main character accuses eavesdropping.Police surprised that, according to Raskolnikov, listen - dishonest and "old ladies over the head with anything husk" - gangbusters.In this - the whole point of the protagonist.These are his idea of decent behavior.
This paradoxical view of morality, and is dedicated to the novel "Crime and Punishment."The meaning of the name is that this position itself is criminal, it can not lead to anything but evil.And the punishment - it is not a prison, and the awareness of fallibility own way.