Proverbs can without exaggeration be called a treasure trove of any nation.They consist historically generalize life experience and wisdom of the people.Regardless of the level of education and place of residence, each person regularly uses in speaking about 200-300 different sayings and aphorisms.The definition of "What is the saying?"interpreted in different ways, and many linguists, historians try to find the correct answer.These labels sayings with intelligible content, often made up of two parts rhymed.Sometimes we do not even notice how often use a variety of proverbs in everyday life.After all, they are able to revitalize dry it, add to it the national colors and concisely to characterize a given situation.
generally well proverbs have two meanings: the literal and figurative.With their help, in the form of metaphoric heard any thought or life observations.These brief sayings are a real public property and have not lost their relevance today.
How to define what a proverb?
In order to understand what lies the success of the morphological structure, need to know what it is like.The definition of "what is the proverb?"You can give that.It is a specific genre of folklore, logically complete, imaginative and succinct dictum in rhythmic form that has great meaning.This term is of Russian origin, and imply that the proverb is used in colloquial speech.It is most clearly manifest the following signs of folk sayings:
1. collective creativity (as a rule, the author had no sayings, they were created for a certain period of time and supplemented by different people).
2. Traditional, ie sustainability.Typically, proverbs practically unchanged.
3. orality.These verses are much more than the other, related to the direct and immediate speech.
To explain the proverb, one must know the language in which it is pronounced, to catch the figurative sense.Such sayings necessarily carry any conclusions about what is good and what is bad, how to act correctly, and how - do not.
course, this folklore genre originated and developed not only in Russia.Such sayings exist in almost every country, because they are the indispensable companion of the historical progress of mankind.Remarkably, almost every proverb has its counterparts in other nations.Of course, it is adapted to the conditions of life and the level of civilization of each ethnic group, but the fact that the idea of such a community makes scientists to puzzle over it.Rather, it can be explained by the fact that the basic moral principles and ideas of public life are the same in all countries.This is a unique set of rules, philosophical and historical heritage and memory.
most common topics proverbs
If we look at the details folklore genre, you will notice that there are areas of life, which is composed of a lot of statements and utterances.Most often they deal with the need to work hard to provide a decent life, how negative laziness and a lack of goals in humans.All of them are aimed to motivate people to useful and functional way of life.For example, how to understand the adage:
"Lazy hands are not kin clever head" or "Human labor feeds and laziness spoils"?The answer is obvious: people who do not want anything to do, doomed to a boring and useless life.Labour, by contrast, gives people joy and understanding of their own society and the need to relatives.
Wolf - a popular way for the proverbial
American linguists conducted interesting research and found out that the Russian sayings are often used images of animals.One of them is undoubtedly the wolf.In order to reveal the nature of this feature, it must be remembered that the Russian people have been inextricably linked for centuries with the environment.About wolves they knew firsthand and thoroughly studied their habits and way of life.
not surprising that there are so many fairy tales, riddles and proverbs related to this beast.He has no compassion, he does not trust anyone and does not have any friends.These are the qualities of forest animal and the impetus to play on the image of a wolf in Russian folklore.
Proverbs Soviet people
When did the Soviet Union, the government had to create an entirely new ideology.That any such sayings as "Soviet people firmly of rocks."They carried a motivating sense.These brief and succinct sayings were to make it clear to the citizens of the Soviet Union and throughout the world, as far as this country is faithful chosen the path of socialism.
But folklore can not be subordinate to political objectives.Proverbs, which were created by professional writers and poets, and has not taken root in everyday life remained sound like slogans, printed in newspapers and on banners.With the collapse of the Soviet Union, they immediately lost their importance and of interest only to historians and philologists.
How to apply the sayings in everyday speech?
Like any idioms, proverbs must be able to timely and appropriate to add to the lexicon.If it is overrun with them, then the interlocutor the impression that the person does not own ideas and he is able to think only cliches.Everything should be in moderation.
Thus, studying the features of the genre, you can give a definition of "what is a proverb," and to understand its historical essence.