In 1927, his novel Fadeeva "Rout" in which the author turned to the events of the revolution and civil war.By the time this issue was already covered in the literature.Some writers have considered the events completely changed the life of the country as the greatest tragedy of the people, all the other depicted in the romantic halo.
somewhat differently approached the lighting of the revolutionary movement Alexander Fadeev.He continued the tradition of Tolstoy in the study of the human soul and created a psychological novel that often put him in the guilt of the "new writers" who rejected the classical tradition.
plot and composition of the product
action develops in the Far East, where the combined forces of the White Army and the Japanese waged a bitter fight with the partisans of Primorye.Recent were often held incommunicado and had to act independently without receiving support.It was in such a situation falls squad Levinson, which narrates the novel Fadeeva "The defeat."The analysis determ
novel of 17 chapters can be divided into 3 parts.
- 1-9 chapter - extensive exposition acquainting with the situation and the main actors: Morozka, Mechik, Levinson.Detachment on vacation, but its commander must maintain discipline in the "combat unit" and be ready to act at any time.It outlines the main conflict and complication of action going on.
- 10-13 head - detachment makes endless transitions and enters into a minor collision with the enemy.Alexander Fadeev pays great attention to the development of the characters of the main characters, often caught in difficult situations.
- 14-17 head - the culmination of activities and isolation.Of all the squad, forced to conduct the battle alone, survived only 19 people.But the main emphasis is on moral choices and Morozka Mechik caught on an equal footing - in the face of death.
Thus, in the novel, not the heroic feats of martial describe people defending the idea of revolution.Show the impact of the events on the formation of the human person - this sought Fadeev."The rout" - analysis of a difficult situation, when there is a "selection of human material."In such circumstances, according to the author, all the "hostile swept away" and "rise of the authentic roots of the revolution ... tempered, growing and developing."
antithesis as the main reception of the novel
juxtaposition in the work going on at all levels.It applies to the position of the opposing sides ("red" - "white"), and analysis of the moral behavior of the people involved in the events that led Fadeyev's novel "The defeat."
analysis of images of the main characters, and Morozka Mechik, makes it clear that they are opposed to everything: the origin and education, physical appearance, do things and their motivations, relationships, a place in the squad.Thus, the author gives his answer to the question, what is the way different social groups in the revolution.
With "miner in the second generation," the reader is already familiar in chapter 1.This is a young man who runs a complex way of becoming a person.
first it seems that Morozka includes some drawbacks.The rough, uneducated, constantly violated discipline in the unit.He acts committed recklessly, and life seen him "simple nemudryaschey."However, the reader will immediately notice his courage, he risked his life to save a stranger completely - Mechik.
Morozka paid a lot of attention in the novel Fadeeva "The defeat."An analysis of his actions allows us to understand how to change the attitude of the hero to themselves and others.The first significant event for him was the court for stealing melons.Morozka shocked and frightened that he might expel from the order, and the first time he gives a "miner" correct word that will never break.Gradually, the hero is aware of its responsibility to the detachment, learns to live meaningfully.
Morozka advantage is the fact that he knew exactly why he had come to the detachment.He was always attracted to only the best people who are a lot of Fadeyev's novel "The defeat."Analysis of the behavior Levinson, Baklanov, Goncharenko will be the basis for the formation of the former miner best moral qualities.Faithful friend, selfless fighter, a man who feels responsible for their actions - such Morozka appears in the finale, when the cost of his own life saves squad.
absolutely another Paul.First appeared in the rushing crowd, he did not find a place before the end of the novel.
Mechik introduced Fadeev's novel "The defeat of the" no accident.Citizen, educated and well-mannered, clean (in the description of the hero frequently used words with diminutive suffixes) - it is a typical representative of the intelligentsia, whose attitude to the Revolution has always been controversial.
Mechik often summoned contempt.Once he imagined a romantic, full of heroism environment that would wait for him in the war.When the reality was quite different ("dirty, lousy, tougher"), has experienced a huge disappointment.And the more Mechik was in the squad, the thinner becomes the connection between it and the guerrillas.Paul did not use the opportunity to become part of the "company officer mechanism" - they do not just give him Fadeev."The defeat of the" problem which is associated with the role in the revolution, divorced from the folk roots of the intelligentsia, the hero ends with moral degradation.He betrays the squad, and the condemnation of their own cowardice rather quickly replaced by joy from the fact that he now has ended for the "terrible life."
This character begins and ends the story.Levinson significant role: it contributes to the unity of the order, combines the guerrillas into one.
Hero interesting is the fact that its appearance (because of the low growth and a red beard, he looked like a wedge Metchik gnome) did not correspond to the literature created in the image of the heroic commander in a leather jacket.But the unsightly appearance only emphasizes the originality of identity.Drinking it all the heroes of Fadeyev's novel "The defeat of the" analysis of the actions and thoughts prove that Levinson was the unquestioned authority for everyone in the squad.No one could even imagine the commander of the doubters, he has always served as a model of "special, right breed."Even when the peasants were taken recently to rescue squad is seen, for example, Morozka not robbery, stealing like a melon, and necessary thing.And only the reader becomes a witness of what Levinson - a living person with characteristics of each fear and uncertainty.
noteworthy that difficulties only harden commander, make it stronger.Only such a person, according to the writer, is able to lead the people.
novel idea of what it saw Fadeev
«The defeat of the" content and topic which largely explains the author shows how in the course of complex historical events manifested the true nature of man.
«huge alteration of people" refers to members of different ages and social groups.Some come out of the tests with dignity in the moral character of others exposed the emptiness and futility.
Today Fadeev work is controversial.So, to the indisputable advantages of the novel include a deep analysis of the psychology of the protagonists, especially because it was almost the first attempt in the post-revolutionary literature.But at the same time it is difficult to agree with the opinion that for the triumph of the idea of all the ways are good, even the killing of a mortally wounded Frolov.No goals can justify cruelty and violence - this is the main principle of the inviolability of the laws of humanity, and which keeps humanity.