Tiutchev - one of the greatest poets of the nineteenth century.His poetry - the embodiment of patriotism and great sincere love for the motherland.Life and creativity Tiutchev - a national treasure of Russia, pride of Slavic land and an integral part of the history of the state.
life of the poet Fedor Tiutchev Life began in the Oryol province December 5, 1803.The future poet was born in the family estate called Ovstug.Fedor started to receive education at home, he studied Latin and ancient Roman poetry.In his twelve year old boy already translated the Odes of Horace.In 1817 Tiutchev attended lectures at Moscow University (in the Department of Letters).
diploma was a young man in 1821.Then he joined the Board of Foreign Affairs, he was sent to Munich.The Russian poet returned only in 1844.
periodization creative periods
first period of creativity Fedor Tiutchev lasts from 1810's to 1820's.At this time, the young poet wrote his first poems, which are reminiscent of the style of the poetry o
second period originated in the second half of 1820 and lasts for 1840.A poem entitled "A Glimpse" is already an original character Tiutchev, which combines Russian odic poetry of the eighteenth century and the traditional European Romanticism.
third period covers the 1850s - 1870s.It is characterized by the creation of a number of political poems and civil treatises.
Russia in the works Tyutchev
On his return the poet is a senior censor at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.Almost simultaneously with this Fedor enters into a circle of Belinsky and serves an active participant.Poems is deposited in a box, but leaves a number of articles in French.Among the many treatises present and "Censorship in Russia", "The Papacy and the Roman question."These articles are heads of the book entitled "Russia and the West", which Tiutchev wrote, inspired by the revolution of the year 1848-1849.This treatise contains the image of thousands of years of Russian power.Tiutchev lovingly describes his homeland, expressing the idea that it is exclusively Orthodox character.This work also presents the idea that the whole world is made up of revolutionary Russia and conservative Europe.
Poetry also takes slogan-shade "Slavs", "the anniversary of the Vatican", "Modern" and other poems.
In many works reflect a love of nature, which is inseparable from love for the motherland.Tiutchev had with such a faith in Russia and its inhabitants strong that even his daughter wrote in the letters that she can be proud of its people and that it will certainly be happy if only because she was born Russian.
Turning to nature, Chaliapin sings their homeland, describes each dewdrop on the grass, so that the reader was filled with the same affection for their land.
so always managed to keep free thoughts and feelings, he did not submit to the secular morality and ignore secular decency.Creativity Tiutchev shrouded with love for the whole of Russia, every peasant.The poems he calls her European "ark of salvation", but the king accuses all the troubles and loss of its great people.
Life and creativity Tiutchev
creative way Fedor covers more than half a century.During this time they were written many treatises and articles, including in foreign languages.Three hundred poems created by Tiutchev, placed in a single book.
Researchers call late romantic poet.Creativity Tiutchev has a special character also because for a long time he lived abroad, because of this the author felt lost and alienated over the years.
Some historians and literary critics conventionally divided life Fedor into two stages: 1820-1840 years.and 1850-1860 years.
first phase is dedicated to the study of their own "I", the formation of attitudes and find yourself in the universe.The second phase, on the contrary, - in-depth study of the inner world of man.The main achievement of this period, critics call "Denisevsky cycle."
main part of the lyrics Fyodor Tyutchev - poems that are philosophical, landscape and philosophical nature, and certainly love theme.The latter include the poet and letters to loved ones.Creativity Tiutchev also includes civil and political lyrics.
Love poetry Tiutchev
1850s characterized by the appearance of a new specific character.They become a woman.Love is in the works Tyutchev found concrete shape, most noticeable in such works as "I knew the eyes," "Oh, how deadly we love" and "Last Love".The poet begins to study the female nature, he seeks to understand its essence and comprehends her destiny.My favorite girl Tyutchev - a person that is subject to lofty sentiments, along with anger and controversy.The lyrics are riddled with pain and anguish of the author, there are longing and despair.Tiutchev convinced that happiness - the most fragile thing in the world.
This cycle has another name - "love-tragic."All poems are devoted to one woman - Elena Alexandrovna Denisiev.For the poetry of this cycle is characteristic of love as a reflection of the tragedy of this man.Emotion is act as a fatal force, which leads to the devastation and subsequent death.
Fedor Tiutchev took no part in the formation of the cycle, and because there is debate among literary critics about who dedicated a poem - Elena Denisiev or wife of the poet - Ernestine.
repeatedly stressed the similarity of love lyrics "Denisevskogo cycle," which is the confessional character, and painful feelings in the novels of Fyodor Dostoevsky.Today remained almost fifteen hundred letters written by Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev his beloved.
Nature in the works is the fickle nature of Tiutchev.She never restless, constantly changing and always remains in the fight against opposing forces.Being in continuous day and night, summer and winter, it is so versatile.Tiutchev spared no adjectives to describe all of its colors, sounds, smells.Poet just humanizes it, making the nature so close and related to everyone.At any time of the year everyone will find features that are characteristic for him to know weather your mood.
Man and nature are inseparable in the work, but because it is inherent in the lyrics of the two-part composition: the nature of life is parallel to the life of man.
Features creativity Tiutchev lies in the fact that the poet does not try to see the world through pictures or paint artists, he gives his soul and tries to see him alive and sentient beings.
creativity Tiutchev is philosophical.The poet from an early age was convinced that the world contains some unfathomable truth.According to him, words can not express the mysteries of the universe, the text is impossible to describe the mystery of the universe.
answers to his questions, he is looking for, drawing parallels between human life and the life of nature.Combining them together, hoping to learn the secret of Tiutchev soul.
Other topics creativity Tiutchev
worldview Tiutchev has one characteristic feature: the poet perceives the world as a dual substance.Fedor sees two principles are constantly fighting among themselves - demonic and perfect.Tiutchev is convinced that the existence of life is impossible in the absence of even one of these principles.For example, in the poem "Night and day" pronounced the struggle of opposites.Here the day is filled with something joyful, life and infinitely happy night - on the contrary.
life is based on the struggle between good and evil, in the case of poetry Tiutchev - start light and dark.According to the author, in this battle there is no victory and the loser.And this is the main vital truth.This struggle takes place within man himself, all his life he seeks to know the truth, that can lurk in its early light and in the dark.
It can be concluded that the philosophy of Tiutchev is directly related to global problems, the author sees no existence without the usual great.Each mikrochastichke it considers the mystery of the universe.Philosophical lyrics Fedor Tiutchev opens the beauty of the world around us as a divine cosmos.