a little romance in their writing has caused so many responses."Fathers and Sons" by Ivan Turgenev became a stumbling block for many critics.Such literature with the main character commoners in Russia before the creation of this book was not.At first, followed by a negative review, MAAntonovich "Asmodeus our time" in the journal "Contemporary".After some time has earned positive reviews from the famous work of literary critic DIPisarev, published an article with the laconic title "market" in the magazine "Russian word."This was followed by another positive and very detailed review N.N.Strahova "Turgenev.Fathers and Sons".
Finally, when it would seem, readers have already received all the necessary for understanding the essence of the product reviews, "Fathers and Sons" received a welcome comment from the author Ivan Turgenev.Classic shared with readers his conception of the novel, she told about the peculiarities of his publications.
critical stumbling block - the interpretation of conflict of gene
What Antonovich wrote?He expressed the bourgeois-liberal point of view, the series "destroying" the novel and the author.The image of the hero he treated extremely negative, as a generation of fathers is a positive hero.Turgenev same throughout the article describes the author who wrote the book boring.
Fortunately, the next article will introduce more constructive criticisms."Fathers and Sons", according to D. Pisarev, is a very honest product.In the same address Antonovich Dmitri Ivanovich voiced reproach of non-disclosure of the essence of the product, iein drawing up a panegyric "fathers" and "conviction" misunderstood "the children."Further, the journal issued by Dostoyevsky, Russian philosopher and literary critic Nikolai Strakhov expressed ideas to help readers understand the integrity of the image of Bazarov (in particular, the interpretation of the motives of the denial of the arts and sciences).
Featured critics integrity of the image of Bazarov
Thus, thanks to the joint efforts of the literary world still loomed organic and logical for Russia in the late XIX century, the image Evgeny V. Bazarov.As a litmus test, it will display the difference between the world view of different generations and at the same time he appeared not static, full of life character who himself entered into a closed formula nihilism.
should be recognized that still negative excessive nihilism Bazarov (the negation of art) made by many critics, including Pisarev, reviews."Fathers and Sons", however, compensate for this plot, "ideological bias."Bazarov three years was not in his native land, he absorbed the ideas of St. Petersburg and share them with people living in the old way.Despite the obvious errors, it is felt the energy and the power that can change the world.And that's fine!However, this world despised them affect him.
Bazarov principles.Their strength and weakness
On the one hand, people are attracted to asceticism, efficiency, simplicity underlined by Eugene and his willingness to communicate.Yes, he is proud of, but it does not have a drop of complacency, narcissism.Moreover and yard, and parents are not confused and do not disturb its gentle mockery of them.It is attractive for its knowledge and belief.
But his seemingly inflexible position still deformed, as evidenced by the critics."Fathers and Sons" We are proof of this.Bazarov unwittingly embroiled in a totally unexpected event for itself: the conflict with Pavel Kirsanov, location Duniasha contempt Prokovich passion Anna Odintsov."What a nonsense!" - Says he is going on with him events.
Perhaps that is why Ivan Turgenev and assigns such a short life of this character, ending accidental death.Obviously, the author is trying to capture the complete image of a nihilist, not a change in the real world.
critics of nihilism Bazarov
about the difficult person Turgenev wrote the novel "Fathers and Sons."Critics confirm this.Indeed, many seem absurd denial of Bazarov art.However, this point of view, according to the philosopher Nikolai Strakhov, is organic with its interpretation of the International his asceticism.Self-limitation did not apply to pleasure a person is resting.It may well, being in society on an equal basis with all drink wine, and fine cuisine.Its principles will not prevent him to spend the evening in the company over a game of cards.However, such pleasures Eugene does not abuse.He shuns the temptations that have attracted the human soul that can roll it with a practical way.So he deliberately avoids pleasures, towering over his personality and abilities through feelings affect it.That is why he avoids the art of music.Art lovers - always contemplative, and Bazarov also cultivates in himself leader.He was alien to the state of admiration.Much closer practicality and simplicity.
Critic Antonovich particularly outraged that Bazarov denies science, in response Pisarev presented their arguments.Education Eugene medicine is used for the development of his mind.And filling it with basic knowledge to navigate, went its own way of knowing.He initially does not take for granted any provisions of theoretical science.Its door to new knowledge is only through experiment.
Turgenev, pen Wizard
should also indicate how harmoniously offsets denial of the protagonist of the beauty of nature, friendship and love of the book itself, "Fathers and Sons."Reviews of literature show a unique ability to balance the Ivan Turgenev novel plot.He's not in his character exposes errors clearly, but discreetly, gradually leads us to his counter.Eugene indifferent to nature, but it is in all its splendor Turgenev surrounds it.He despises the friendship, but it is accompanied by frank and open friend, Arkady.He mocks the romantic love, however, the reader watches is a novel Arkady Kirsanov and Katie Odintsov.Bazarov - an atheist, but his tomb is illuminated by the light and the world mourn over her closest ...
other words, Bazarov reminds rebelled against mother earth her son-titanium.How mighty is not he, but his power - nothing compared to the power that it has generated.
Instead of conclusion
Turgenev novel Urgency confirms how often pose various directors of theaters on the novel "Fathers and Sons" show.Reviews of these productions show the audience the essence of understanding this complex and largely conceptual for Russian books.Even a cursory study determines how willingly take up Turgenev staging various theatrical groups: St. Petersburg Theatre for Young People, Small Theatre, Tabakov Theatre.Mayakovsky, etc.
modern audiences find Turgenev topical idea.According to their responses, nihilism Bazarov alive in today's society.He just became harder, throwing the charm of youth, through the classics in the plan.In turn, the modern "fathers" are able to oppose him much more extensive arsenal of arguments than Kirsanovs.
In any case, the theme of generational conflict - is eternal.