«Lay" - perfectly preserved and come down to us in the original form of ancient Russian literature.The work is filled with intense love for the fatherland and willingness to stand up for it until the end.Image Igor in "Lay", contrary to popular belief, is not a key, because the role of the protagonist is given to the people.However, Igor has a significant place in the story, so his figure requires detailed consideration.
literary monument was found by a famous collector of antiquities of the XVIII century, AIMusin-Pushkin.The manuscript was found in the walls of the Saviour Monastery Yaroslavl, and Count Musin immediately appealed to the familiar to historians.NMKaramzin insisted on publication of the work, and in 1800 saw the light of "the Word."The publication made a huge impression and caused a lot of debate and research.But unfortunately, the original manuscript was burned during the fire of 1812 in Moscow.
author of a work has not been set, there is a lot of guesswork and assum
Theme "Words" and the role of the image of Igor
The plot "Words" was based on real events - a campaign in 1185 to Prince Igor's steppe nomads, which ended in defeat.The year before the battle Russian troops managed to defeat the nomads, but in Igor's campaign was not.And here, yielding to his selfish motives, Prince gathers his troops and calls for help the next of kin.Image Igor in "Lay" is completely devoid of any idealization.The narrator makes it clear that the outing was ill-prepared, so the prince was defeated and ended up in captivity.This is how the beginning of a campaign of Igor author:
"Then Igor looked up to bright sunshine,
He saw his soldiers, covered with darkness of it,
and rivers Igor his squad:
" Brothers and retinue!
better to us to be chopped, than to be given in full.
Syadem same friends, on swift horses
Yes look blue Don!
Vspala Prince to mind hunting,
the signs of his desire to intercede
Sample some of the great Don.
"I want - he rivers - refract spear
At the end of the field Polovtsian with you, Russian people!
I want to put my head
or have helmets from the Don ..."
As is clear from the passage, "I want to"- this is the main motivation of Igor.
But the story seeks only to draw attention to the main problems of Russia at that time.That is to expose all the flaws in the fragmented state of the principality and constant quarrels between the rulers.In fact, the "Word" - a call for the unification of Russian lands.
author also covers topics of the past Russia, focuses on the heroism of the people.From the standpoint of a patriot, he considers the question of honor, loyalty, love, freedom and destiny.
idea of the work and its relationship with the image of the protagonist
As already announced above, the basic idea of the monument - a call to rally the Russian princes, transferring all power to one person.Without idealizing image of Igor in the "Lay", the author still makes infallible, strong and wise characters - Prince Svyatoslav appears as a perfect ruler.This is not true, according to other historical records, but for the realization of its main objective in the work was supposed to be a way.
author of "Words" appreciates the actions of the characters according to their benefit to Russia.Igor evaluated in the same position, and the score is not too high.And it manifests through the hostile forces of nature:
"And the winds Stribogovy grandchildren,
blowing from the sea arrows
on brave Igor's Campaign.
rivers flow muddy,
dust of the field covered,
As a true patriot, the writer shows his homeland as a whole, where the people are inseparable from nature, and it interferes in their affairs, helping or warning.
plot and compositional originality
will examine in more detail the image of Igor in "Lay" a summary of the monument.The work itself is a complex organization in which alternating reflections of the author, description of what is happening, lyrical digressions, epic moments, description of the past.It's difficult to analyze the plot "the Word."
However, the product can be divided into three parts:
- entry, which includes memories of Bayan and intonation.
- main part, which describes the unsuccessful campaign of Igor, Svyatoslav is praise, then tells about the return from captivity Igor.
- Conclusion includes glorification of the princes and, in fact, the end of the story.
In this structure, well traced the role and significance, which bears the image of Igor in "Lay."Brief description of them is that the character has become an example of what can result in fragmentation and inconsistency of the princes.
Begins "Word" with what the author compares himself with the famous Bayan and says that he would not like it, praise of princes, and to tell the whole truth.
image Igor in "Lay" with quotations
main place in the work assigned to the images of princes, one of which is Igor.The author's attitude to these characters is ambiguous.On the one hand, he was proud of their victories and enjoys success, but on the other - is aware of the disastrous for Russia of strife and selfishness.On the way Igor connected not only the main storyline, but the idea of the narrative.
character represented by the epic hero who can not imagine their life without dignity and military honor.He is courageous and brave, but at the same time his personal aspirations are higher good of the people.Igor poor short-sighted policies, selfish and foolish, too proud.All these negative qualities are inherent and other princes, and they became the cause of fragmentation of the Russian land.
Igor is so hungry for fame and satisfy their selfish impulses that diligently not notice the signs that predict his defeat.Very negatively portrayed in this episode, the image of Igor in "Lay."Examples of text can be as follows:
«Sun darkness the way he stood up;
Night storm moans awakened birds,
Whistling animal stood up ... »
But deaf to the nature of the prince.In spite of this folly, the author acknowledges the courage and Igor:
«witty and courage in his heart;
Filled selfless spirit,
Nave their brave regiments ... »
However, after his return from captivity, Igor changed, he is willing to give up personal desires for the sake of his native land and go in a joint campaign with other princes.Prince realizes that his actions can only lead to defeat.And the forces of nature show their favor:
"clicked, knocked the ground;
rustled the grass:
Polovtsian Vezhi also came.
Pryanul Prince Igor Ermine in cane,
White strut water;
Vzvergnulsya Prince on a fast horse,
jumped him barefoot wolf,
And he ran to the meadow ...
Donets Donets said: "You, Prince Igor!
not you a little grandeur,
Russian land rejoiced! "..."
image Yaroslavna and Igor her help
Yaroslavna presented an ideal Russian woman.She is a devoted wife and loyal friend Igor, the strength of her love so great that it helps her husband to escape from captivity.Her crying is very important and plays a huge role in the justification of honor Prince, as the flight was considered unworthy of a soldier.But the very forces of nature, razzhaloblennye Yaroslavna, help the hero to get out - and here it is not dominated by the will, and the will of nature.Higher strength stand up for the prince and point the way:
"Prince Igor the way God indicates
From Polovtsian land in the Russian land ..."
The suffering and agony of the heroine of the people have also become one of the causes of mental degeneration Igor.
value "Word" for literature
Today, "the Word" found ancient written monuments of world importance, and compared to the masterpieces of medieval European literature.Not the least role in the comprehension and understanding of the subjects image Igor in "Lay."Pictures illustrating this work, can now be easily found in books or literature textbooks.