In this article we look at the work which has created Andrei Platonov, conduct its analysis."Pit" Platonov was conceived by the author in 1929, in the fall, when appeared in print Stalin's article entitled "Year of Great Change," in which he argued the need for collectivization, and then announced in December to launch "offensive against the kulaks" and eliminate it asclass.In unison, he said one of the heroes of this product that you need to throw everyone "in the brine of socialism."Conceived bloody campaign was successful.There have been written by Stalin assigned tasks.
his ideas implemented and writer, confirms that analysis."Pit" Platonov conceived as a reinterpretation of history, correctness of the path chosen by our country.Get deep work with the social and philosophical content.Writer comprehended reality held its analysis.
"pit" Platonov begin to describe the story of the creation of the work.
Tale, remarkably, was written at a time of active work of Stalin - from 1929 till
Themes of works by Andrei Platonovich in general ideas of building communism did not fit, the doubting and thinking hero of the story was subjected to harsh criticism by the authorities, which picked up the press.It held its own, is not flattering to the author's analysis.
"pit" Platonov was first published only in 1987, during the time of Gorbachev, the magazine "World".During this period, once again rebuilt Soviet Union.
That briefly at the story, which was written by Plato ("pit"), the story of creation.
-kissed by the Bolsheviks of the author's contemporaries - writers Kataev, Leonov, Sholokhov - in his works glorified the achievements of socialism and collectivization of portraying the positive side.Poetics Platonov, in contrast, optimistic paintings description of selfless work and construction was alien.This author did not appeal to the magnitude of problems and aspirations.Primarily interested in his people and his role in the historical events.Therefore, the product of the "pit", as well as other creations of the author's peculiar thoughtful, unhurried development.Many in the narrative of abstract generalizations, as the author focuses on the thoughts and emotions of his characters.Only external factors help to understand the hero in himself, and at the same time in a symbolic event, which tells us of Plato.
"Pit": content summary
story plot is typical for the works of the time devoted to collectivization and nemnogoslozhen.It is cannibalization with scenes of assassination attempt on party activists and peasants defending their possessions.But Platonov was able to present these events in terms of the thinking man, caught unwittingly embroiled in events that tells the story "The Pit".
Summary of chapters is not the subject of this article.We briefly describe the main events of the work.The hero of the story, Voshchev after he was fired from the factory because of the thought falls to the diggers who dig a pit for home proletarians.Brigadier Chiklin results orphaned girl, whose mother died.Chiklin teammates liquidate the kulaks, fusing them into a raft in the sea together with their families.Then they returned to the city and continue their work.Ending story "Pit" the death of the girl, who found their final resting place in the wall of the pit.
Three motif in the work of Platonov
Platonov wrote that his life was struck by three things - the love, the wind and the long road.All of these motifs are present in the product of "pit."Summary of chapters, if you refer to it, will confirm our thinking.But it should be noted that these motifs are presented in an original feeding author.The plot is tied to the image of the road.However Voshchev, the hero of Platonov, though a stranger, but not in the tradition of Russian literature, because, firstly, he is forced to wander rather wander due to the fact that he was fired, and secondly, its purpose -no search of adventure, and the truth, the meaning of existence.Wherever then either sends the hero again and again the author returns it to the pit.As if a man's life is closed and goes in a circle.
Many events make the story "Pit", but there is between cause and effect relationships.Heroes like circling around the pit, hoping to break out of this hole.One wanted to go to study, having increased length, the other waited retraining, wanted to move to the third governing party apparatus.
Installation method episodes product
Platonov in the composition of the product uses a method of mounting diverse episodes: here there and bear-striker, and activist who enlightens the politics of rural women and their fists to say goodbye before heading to sea on a raft with each other.
Some episodes, which tells the product Platonov "pit", does seem random and unmotivated: suddenly the course of action closeup float minor characters, just as suddenly disappeared.As example can be dressed only in pants of the unknown, which led Chiklin the office all of a sudden.Puffy grief man demanded to return the coffins harvested for future use, which were found in the pit, his village.
The dialogue between the peasants and the workers surprised at how commonplace they say about death and despair with which the coffins humility prepare themselves and their children.The burial box turns into a "children's toy" to "B", ceased to be a symbol of fear.This grotesque reality permeates, in fact, the whole story "Pit".
author of a work except for the grotesque also uses the allegory of madness in the transmission of events.Because of this and previous use of fully disclosed in the story "The Pit," the problems of the work.Unable to find a character who could, like Judas, to point out the well-off family of farmers, he chooses for the role of a bear.And considering the fact that this animal in folklore has never been the personification of evil, we can speak here of a double allegory.
plot travels Voshchev organically intertwined with others - abortive construction of monumental general proletarian home.But the workers believed until recently that the local proletariat a year would live in it.This building is associated with the Tower of Babel, because it was for his tomb builders, as well as pit houses for the proletarians turned into a grave for the girls, for which, in fact, was erected.
Although at the beginning of the work Pashkin argues that happiness is still "come historically," it is clear by the end of the story, there is no hope for finding the future meaning of life, as currently constructed on the death of the girl, and adults with such persistence worked in the pitas if eager to escape forever into his abyss.
Artwork "pit" after reading the leaves on the soul heavy sediment, but at the same time felt that Andrei Rakhmanov - a humanist writer, who tells us of the sad events of the story with regret, love and deep compassion to the characters, which walked ruthless anduncompromising machine power, trying to turn every obedient executor godless plan.
Description characters lead
Platonov not give a detailed description of the external characters, their deep inner characteristics.He, like surrealist artist, who works with the help of logical links break at the subconscious level, barely brushing his concerns portraits of characters who live in nonreal world devoid of domestic details and interior design.There is, for example, no data on the appearance of the protagonist, Voshchev, said only that he at the time of the story thirty years.In the description given Pashkina elderly person, as well as a bent body, not so much from the past years, as the load of "social".Safonov had a face "active-thinking" and Chiklin had a head, which was, by definition, the author, a "small stone", Kozlov - "wet eyes" monotonous and dull face.Such, in the story "The Pit" (Platonov) characters.
To understand the meaning of the work is very important image of the girl, who lives with excavators in the construction.Nastya is a child of the 1917 revolution.Her mother was a bourgeois, that is representative of an obsolete class.Rejection of the past, as you know, means a loss of cultural traditions, historical connections and replace their parents ideological - Lenin and Marx.In denying the past people may not be, according to the author, the future.
mutilated world Nasty, because the mother in order to save his daughter, inspires her not to talk about his non-proletarian origin.Already implemented in its propaganda machine consciousness.Horrific reader, recognizing that this character advises Safronov for the revolution to kill peasants.How could she turn the child when he grows up, if he kept toys in the coffin?Girl dies in the end of the story, and with it dies to Voshchev and all the other working the last ray of hope.The winner in a kind of confrontation Nasty and the last pit.The dead girl's body lies in the foundation of a house under construction.
present in the story the character is the so-called home-grown philosopher who reflects on the meaning of life, tends to live by conscience, seeks the truth.This is the main character of the work.He is the spokesman of the author's position.This character is included in the novel Platonov "pit", and thought seriously doubted the rightness of what is happening around.He does not move with the general line, trying to find his own way to the truth.But he did not find it.
meaning of the name story "Pit"
symbolic title of the story.Not only is construction pit.This is a huge grave pit that workers dug for themselves.Many here and die.Happy home for the proletariat can not be built on slave labor with regard to human dignity and humiliation.
pessimism that does not hide Platonov (story "The Pit" and other works), bouncy gait in Russian literature of the time with a positive image of the party members, meetings and fulfillment of the plan, of course, could not fit.Just do not keep going this author with time: he was ahead of him.