In his works, a famous poet Nikolai Nekrasov has repeatedly appealed to the problems and the suffering of ordinary Russian people.
Since childhood, he watched the cruel treatment of the serfs by his father - a man of autocratic and overbearing.Often it battered by him and his wife, the poet's mother.This experience of a lifetime and deposited in the memory of the soul of Nikolai and became an inexhaustible source of a large number of his works.
In 1845, a young Nekrasov wrote a small volume of the poem "The Road."It was his literary debut and immediately signaled a topic that will always remain central to his work.
«... You are a poet - a poet and true!»
It is with such enthusiastic words addressed to Nekrasov critic Belinsky, when I first heard "The Road.""How much grief and bile ..." - so he said to the poet's verse begins in one of the conversations with Panaev.Immediately coveted "excellent" work and A. Herzen.
What earned Nikolai Nekrasov, whose first collection "Dreams and sounds" has rem
composition and genre
poem increasingly resembles the story of the unhappy life of a young peasant family.The complication of the complaint are the master to the driver of boredom.He asks to amuse themselves remove songs or fiction."The most fun I do not ..." - these words begins to question the driver N.A.Nekrasov.The way he tells the story slowly zheny- "villain", educated and long lived in the manor house.Then sent to the village, where now she was on the brink of the grave.Sad story strikes a chord in the master."Well ... pretty ... Dispersed persistent boredom ..." - these words ends with the product.
So instead of the traditional songs yamschitsky the ringing of bells sounds pinching monologue tortured heart.And his heroes are the victims of serfdom, existing for centuries in Russia.
main theme of the poem "The Road»
Nekrasov always worried about the plight of the oppressed people.Especially anxious he treated the bitter fate of peasant women that can carry a lot in his life.In the first major poem, which became "On the road", he tells about the unenviable share of land girl, whose childhood and youth in the manor house.It was a typical phenomenon at the time.And, quite often in this situation are illegitimate children of the landowner.Their carefree and quiet life almost always ended in tragedy, as to society, they always remained serfs.Feelings peasants (by birth) caught with toys in the hands of masters and eventually caught in an unusual social environment, it helps to understand the analysis of the poem "The Road."
Nekrasov about the education of character
Pear companion for many years was the young lady.Along with her she learned reading and science, sewing and playing musical instruments - that is,all that is needed to know and be able to fine lady.
husband describes her as follows: "view was impressive," and good manners, so that one might have thought that she lady "natural."Even her teacher wooed one (not a simple land!), But something went wrong there, "do not need a hundred-servant of the nobility."
For women, everything changed in an instant: the young lady married and moved, and the landowner soon died, leaving pear orphans.Entered into the inheritance of all the young son-counted audit.Replaced serfdom dues.Pear also, who I had not made friends, went to the village.So N.Nekrasov verse continues, "The Road" and the story of the fate of the heroine.
village and marriage
«girl yelled," - says the new life of his wife the driver.Hard for her, not accustomed to the peasant labor.Any work burden necessary - "Indus pity sometimes."But I do not blame the driver pears, believed that "it destroyed the Lord."
And the marriage the girl had no joy.They married the master's will - the time has come.So that nothing pleased her to a new life.When others still "up and down" and, left alone, all the tears lila.So gradually dying man's soul, accustomed to live in a completely different conditions on other moral laws - such gloomy thoughts leads the reader an analysis of the poem "The Road."
Nekrasov is not limited to describing the difficulties encountered in everyday life.He drew attention to another side of country life, not at all like the landlords.
darkness and ignorance of the people
Worried coachman another in the behavior of his wife.Often it looks at some "patret" reads the book.Son of literacy teaching, which is not accepted from farmers - another destination waiting for him.And every day as barchonka shampoos and scratches.Shear, does not beat."To destroy it, and the little son" - this idea overcomes the driver.
author is worried about other things.Uneducated, far from any science of culture and the husband is not able to understand the pear, in which noble upbringing and the book (in the portrait can be depicted, for example, a certain writer) awakened responsive soul.It wishes to draw the attention of contemporaries N.Nekrasov.The verse "The Road" shows how clogged actually a simple peasant.Because Pear and can not find a kindred spirit in a new environment - it is nobody understands.As a result, her master, maybe nothing wrong and do not want the life of a young crippled girl.Now it withers day by day, became "as a rake thin and pale," even walking, as if through force.It's obvious that she has not long to live."A wench would be dashing!".
not easy to come in the story and her husband.Married without consent.Pear does not understand, but unlike many others, his wife wished once again not abused, even respected.Almost did not beat - just drunk.And in the future waiting for him widowhood and loneliness, which carry a man with a young son in her arms is not easy.And most importantly, his guilt in all this is not - it is the same as all the serfs.
Thus, the analysis of the poem "The Road" (Nekrasov wrote in this regard: "Whatever life is a tragedy!") Reveals the moral and social problems of serfdom.After whim gentlemen ruined life is not a single person.
means of expression
poem "The Road" is written trehstopnym anapaest.This size, combined with the expected sound of hooves reminds conversational folk speech that brings the story of the coachman to the song, like a plaintive cry, escaping from the depths.Realistic and colorful monologue make a special order of words, the combination of the pair, a cross and a ring rhyme, vernacular speech and expression: Bait Ali, know-de, patret and others.
leads to several conclusions analysis of the poem "The Road".Nekrasov in it, even before Turgenev with his "Notes of a Hunter", drew attention to the plight of contemporary people.The monologue coachman clearly silhouetted contrasting picture of the life of landowners and serfs dependent on them.The worst thing here is that their owners tell peasants were treated as any other thing in the house.It was undisguised accusation of slavery existed in the country and open protest against the established order.
simple but true picture of each new line emerges in the work "On the Road" Nekrasov.The theme declared in a poem - from serfdom no conscience, no laws - suddenly transformed budding poet in the best representative of "natural school", which pretty soon be established in Russian literature and criticism.