Genre Maxim Gorky play "The Lower Depth
The play was written in 1902.This period is characterized by a serious economic crisis, which resulted from the closure of factories workers were out of work, and the peasants were forced to beg and beg.All of these people, and with them the state, appeared at the bottom of life.To reflect the full extent of the decline, Maxim Gorky made his characters representatives of all segments of the population.It Baron, who became an adventurer, a former actor, a prostitute, a locksmith, a thief, a shoemaker, vendor, rooming house landlords, the police.
And it was amid this decay and poverty are defined key eternal questions of life.And at the heart of the conflict lay the dispute about the truth in the play "The Lower Depths."This philosophy has long been a problem unsolved for Russian literature, for it undertook Pushkin, Lermontov, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Chekhov and many others.But Gorky did not scare this state of affairs, and he has created a work devoid of didacticism and moralizing.The viewer himself is entitled to make his choice, after listening to different points of view that are expressed characters.
dispute about the truth
In the play "The Lower Depths", as mentioned above, not only Gorky portrayed the horrible reality, the main writer was a response to the most important philosophical questions.And in the end he manages to create an innovative product that had no equal in the history of literature.At first glance, the story seems disjointed, plotless and fragmented, but all the pieces of the puzzle are gradually added, and the spectator takes place a clash of heroes, each of which is the bearer of the truth.
multifaceted, ambiguous and inexhaustible topic such as the dispute over the truth in the play "The Lower Depths."Tables that could make for a greater understanding of it, would include a three characters: Bubnov, Luke and satin.It is these characters are heated discussions about the necessity of the truth.Realizing the impossibility of answering this question, Gorky puts into the mouth of the heroes of different opinions, which are equal and ravnoprivlekatelny for the viewer.It is impossible to determine the position of the author, therefore, these three images critics interpreted in different ways, and there is still no consensus as to whose point of view, the truth is true.
to argue about the truth in the play "The Lower Depths", Bubnov is of the opinion that the key to all the facts are.He does not believe in a higher power and the high destiny of man.Man is born and lives only to die: "All the way: born, will live, die.And I shall die ... and you ... What to regret ... "This character is hopeless despair in life and sees nothing joyful in the future.The truth for him is that people can not resist the circumstances and cruelty of the world.
For Bubnov lies is unacceptable and incomprehensible, he believes that only need to speak the truth, "And why do people like to lie?";"In my opinion, Wali whole truth as it is!" He opened, do not hesitate give its opinion, not looking at others.Philosophy Bubnov truthful and merciless to the man, he sees no point in reaching out to others and care about him.
Luca Luca is not important for the truth, and consolation.In an effort to bring to the hopelessness of everyday life of the inhabitants of the rooming house at least some sense, it gives them false hope.His help is a lie.Luke understands people and knows what it takes to everyone on the basis of this and gives a promise.So, he tells the dying Anna that after the death of her waiting for peace, actor inspires hope for a cure for alcoholism, Ashes promises a better life in Siberia.
Luke presents one of the key figures in this issue as a dispute about the truth in the play "The Lower Depths."Replicas of his full sympathy, reassurance, but they do not have a word of truth.This image is one of the most controversial in the drama.For a long time his literary assessed only on the negative side, but today many see in Luke's actions and the positive moments.His comforting lie weak, unable to resist the cruelty of reality.The philosophy of this character in the goodness: "A person can learn the good faith ... While people - lived, but lost his faith - and hanged himself."Indicative in this respect is considered to be a story about how the old man saved two thieves when treated him kindly.True Luke - a man in self-pity and a desire to give him hope, albeit illusory, the possibility of better, which helped to live.
Satin Satin is considered the main opponent of Luke.It is these two characters are the main argument of the truth in the play "The Lower Depths."Quotes Satin stark contrast to the statements of Luke: "Lie - religion of slaves," "True - the god of the free man!»
For Satin lies is unacceptable, as the man he saw strength, stamina and the ability to change everything.Pity and compassion are meaningless, people do not need them.It is this character utters the famous monologue of a man-god: "There is only a man, all the rest - work of his hands and his brain!It's great!It sounds - proud! »
Unlike Bubnov, also recognize the truth and denying the lie, Satin respects the people believe in them.
Thus, the dispute about the truth in the play "The Lower Depths" is plot-.Gorky did not provide a clear solution to the conflict, to determine who is right, every viewer should for themselves.However, it should be noted that the final monologue Satina anthem heard at the same time a person and a call to action to change a terrifying reality.