writing for work "Taras Bulba" is familiar to many generations of students.The famous story of Nikolai Gogol in its genre is beyond the scope of his other fairy-folklore, really relevant to the story.It essentially does not fit in the framework of both Soviet and modern curriculum.
Hidden genre of romance
This creation of the writer "hidden" between the stories, but it is a real genre - romance.Therefore, it would be logical, if we offer our readers a more meaningful, more is psychological and, finally, "adult" view of Gogol's "Taras Bulba".The writing is - complete and has, despite nemudreny story, "second bottom", which opens when the subject of his analysis of the historical ...
Readers familiar with the characters of the book, realizes that her line of heroism in common, for example,the saga of the knight Roland, which has become a national hero in France.Taras Bulba and his sons Ostap and Andriy - reliable, as collective images of the "Cossacks" Zaporizhzhya Sich.(That's "Cossacks" and not
Undoubtedly, the philosophical content creation Gogol - an order of magnitude deeper than it can display an essay on the novel "Taras Bulba".Grade 7 to plan a comprehensive program to suppose that the verdict handed down by the ideas of the story the child.That, at least, absurd.Obviously, the Ministry of Education is to motivate the simplicity of the plot.However, if it looks like on the profanity?Simple story (which is typical of heroic epic) - still not an indication of simplicity.
Aesopian language author
Tale was written in the days of the most severe reactions antidekabristskoy Nicholas I. The mere fact of writing books about "Curly lytsar" at the time was similar to a feat!After all, the writer was conscious defiance not to anyone else, but most ....It was - boldly!
recall a quote of Catherine II of its manifesto of 1775 .: "Zaporizhzhya Sich was destroyed completely and forever.Even the name "Zaporozhye Cossacks" you should never use in the future. "
In his story that Gogol replied: "She is alive in the hearts!Her fame fade! »
His determination has intelligible explanation: the fact that they moved something very powerful - voice of the blood.
conscious substitution of terminology
is noteworthy that the author is forced to manipulate, to change the terminology works on a more loyal to the censors gendarme powers Nicholas I.
What replaced the author?We will be brief - the word "Russian."Taras Bulba it either historically or logically could not eat.
In its "lite" proof we consciously refer to a later historical fact, given authoritative Great Russian historian SM Solovyov, a professor at Moscow University in the XIX century:
Until the beginning of XVII century Russia Rurik dynasty (the last ruler -Fyodor I Ivanovich 1557-1598 biennium and SHUISKI 1552-1612 biennium).Traditionally, eminent historians of the past called the country to manage this dynasty, Muscovy.
And only in the II half of the XVII century, the unique last tsar of All Russia (that means, rather the intention than fact) fortunate adjoining land is indeed to become the first Emperor of Russia (ie, the whole of Russia).Therefore, Pushkin was correct in describing the Battle of Poltava, "the Swede, Russian, stabs, cuts, cuts ...".However, Alexander Sergeyevich described action was later at least half a century after the events described in "Taras Bulba".
Could classic, has a deep and glorious Cossack ancestry of the above do not know?His substitute language rather resembles a maneuver writer for the publisher.
Gogol changed the author's style
How does nature work of Nikolai Vasilyevich conceived heroic story "Taras Bulba"?The writing for the author suggests a fundamental change in his creative style.Common criteria for Gogol creativity "Beauty + excitement" markedly inferior superiority otherwise - "courage and love of freedom."Old, but mighty oak Taras Bulba - allegorical image Sich Cossacks.Symbolic final scene of the story - terrible to his enemies suicide joy colonel, whose will can not suppress even the merciless flames.This
People Knight deeply despised conquerors, not wanting them to leave even his pipe smoking (cradle).Dramatically that from his hand killed son Andrew - Cossack attachment that dictate mercantile interests.Symbolical the image of another son, Ostap - the embodiment of a new force, which will replace the old Cossack colonel.
Description Taras Bulba Taras Bulba
- this is not the conqueror Ermak, mining lands of others and persuaded the forehead in front of Ivan the Terrible.Rather, it is like Alexander Nevsky, Prince blagovernomu (tools of the first and second similar - hiking).Taras stands guardian of their native lands, claiming a similar principle, which states that an intruder, drew his sword, by the sword and die defending.The difference is that the brilliant commander Nevsky - himself a feudal lord, and how noble, ruled their subjects to.At the same time Bulba is based on a sublime force - on the brotherhood-in-arms.
Priority identity of Taras Bulba - freedom in its purest form, strongly denied imposed vertical external authority, in principle (according to the story - the yoke of the Polish king).While for all Taras - not anti-Polish character (which exaggerates heavily from year to year, each work on the novel "Taras Bulba"), and prokazatsky, because it is similar in nature to the Greek ante, not subject to external pressure, in principle, and are inextricably linked toground.
World Taras is not reduced to the service (in fact serve as a lord) and to active participation in the formation of a counterweight to any external opponent, trying to impose their domination.He is both a creator and a self-governing and self-sufficient component of the national army.
Revelation.Gogol Perot led the voice of blood
Open the curtain.Nikolai Gogol actually wrote romance, playing in artistic form the image of his ancestor.Questions of his blood, his pedigree is always paramount for everyone.
Rhode Gogol had an impressive source - from the Cossack Colonel Ostap Gogol's contemporary, but not adherent of Bogdan Khmelnitsky, the Cossacks skilled, grew up in Vinnytsia Colonel smoking, and then - in the entire Right Bank Hetman of Ukraine.Dear reader, you really doubt that a relative could not write about relatives?Put yourself in the place of Gogol: whether you have such an ancestor, and whether you are a classic, you would not have created it on a product?
What exactly is the Right-Bank Ukraine in the XVII century, during the reign of her Ostap Gogol?For the answer we turn to world history:
As you can see, just by chance, even a classic used in the product name of Ostap.
Gogol as the last romantic Zaporizhzhya Sich
return to the school curriculum.Let us ask ourselves, why should begin work on the novel "Taras Bulba", if you write in detail?The answer is simple explanation when a real, native Cossack mentality Zaporizhzhya Sich.Maybe it's unusual to hear someone who used to Gogol, lyrics, Gogol-storyteller, but Gogol blood and felt the last hero - Zaporozhye Cossacks.
writing on the novel "Taras Bulba" should ideally move away from school and stamps do not even sound like a hymn to the courage (which in this case again.) It showed courage and a serving Ermak.
we select, finally, to the main idea.Gogol's works - there is a hymn of natural human freedom in their own land.This - not the freedom that gives as a reward, a feudal lord his prisoner (freedom of the citizen, freedom resident Empire).For example, Russia suggests one historically abstract comparison.
Freedom modeled Zaporizhzhya Sich - a freedom similar to that which could be a state system of medieval Muscovy, if armed men of Novgorod defeated the army of Ivan the Terrible.
Gogol planned to go further - to deepen the idea of "Taras Bulba", written in six volumes (the volume of future work it was published) the story of the Zaporizhzhya Cossack freemen.What prevented these plans - history is silent.Here are just a citation classic article - "certificate of intent»:
absurd and ridiculous, it would seem, surname - Bulba.Six letters, one soft sign.Repeated twice voiced consonant.Present in the names of the letter "l".No less absurd than the name of Gogol, has the same configuration.
«hide" in the novel way of Ostap Gogol, Hetman Right Bank, Sich Cossack by birth, who lost a son in battle, ready for anything to save the Cossack liberties (we are talking about signing O. Gogol Korsun peace with Sweden) ...
What is certain is that it is not "school" this work - the story of Gogol's "Taras Bulba".The writing on it is necessary to write not teenagers, and adults literary critics and historians.