Very often we hear the term "classical" or "classic".But what is invested in the meaning of the word?
Classic - a ...
The word "classic" has several meanings.Most of the explanatory dictionary offers one of them - the classics: literature, music, painting or architecture.Also, the word is used in reference to some examples of the art, such as "classics of the genre."However, the term is often referred to as a reference to a particular time period in the development of a particular type of art, do not forget that among the classical authors are ranked only some of the most successful.In the literature, it is considered a classic of all that has been written in the 18-19 centuries.In the 20th century, gives way to a classic modernity.Many writers-modernists sought to destroy predsshestvuyuschey tradition, tried to find a new form, theme, content.Others, however, to use the work of their predecessors in order.So, full of allusions to the works of postmodern and reminiscences.
Classic - is something
What writers can be called classics?
As noted above, the ranks of the classics do not enroll each author, but only those whose work has had a significant impact on the development of Russian culture.Perhaps the first classical writers who have left a significant mark in the history of Russian literature - a Lomonosov and Derzhavin.
His literary work occurs in the first half of the 18th century.He pioneered such areas as classicism, so do not classify it to the classics of the time impossible.Lomonosov made an enormous contribution, not only in literature but also in linguistics (in the native language by highlighting three styles), as well as chemistry, physics and mathematics.The most significant of his proivedeniya "Morning / Evening meditation on God's Majesty," "Ode to the accession ...", "A Conversation with Anacreon", "Letter of the benefits of glass."It should be noted that most of the poetic texts Lomonosov had the character imitative.In his works, Mikhail guided by Horace and other classical authors.
Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin
Classic literature of the 18th century is represented by another name - a Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin.The most significant proizvdeniya this author: "Monument", "Felitsa."By the early 19th century, it was the brightest poetic figure who could outshine its only Alexander Pushkin.
difficult to name all the striking Writers time.Russian classics rich in talantlvye names.It could be considered classics Fonvizin, Krylov, Karamzin, Zhukovsky.
19th century, called the Golden Age of Russian literature, it has turned out to be brighter than the previous one.It all began with the era of the greatest genius - Alexander Pushkin.
"nurturing the soul of humanity" - a line was able to identify in Pushkin's poetry critic Vissarion Belinsky.Pushkin was able to transform the Russian language, he gave him the ease and simplicity - something which is lacking in writers of the 18th century.His poetry is full of goodness and truth, it is riddled with the greatest love for man, for life, to the world.List the major works of the author is simply impossible, because the list is very long.Perhaps you should definitely highlight his novel in verse "Eugene Onegin," Belinsky aptly named "the encyclopedia of Russian life."All the love of country embodied in this small volume of lyrical-epic work, moreover, Pushkin, like anyone else, managed to capture the essence of the era as well as to create a unique image of women who found a continuation in all subsequent literature.The first association that comes with the word "classic" - is Pushkin.
this author justly be called the successor of Pushkin.But in his works less lightness and openness, on the contrary, the lyrics Lermontov sometimes grim, sometimes violent towards people.Lermontov was acutely aware of his loneliness, the gap with men.All this resulted in a line of his poems.Classical literature - this is his novel "Hero of Our Time".Here the writer has worked as a real psychologist, depicting a deep, controversial.The novel offers wide open spaces for reflection and an indispensable criterion classics.
classical writers of the second half of the 19th century trace their history from Gogol, the first realist in Russia.His works have taught a lot to love their country belongs to the people mercifully, look vices primarily in themselves and trying to eradicate it.The most outstanding works of the author - a comedy "Inspector" and the poem "Dead Souls".
writers of the second half of the 19th century
Among the poets should highlight FITyutchev and AA Fet.They marked him all the poetry of the second half of the 19th century.Among the writers - such vivid figures as Ivan Turgenev, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Chekhov and others. The works of this period are full of psychological research.Each of the realistic novel gives us a strange world, where all the characters are clearly drawn and vital.Can not read the books, and nothing to think about.Classic - is the depth of thought, a flight of fancy, a role model.Whatever izoschralis modernists, saying that art should be on the side of morality, the works of classical writers teach us the most beautiful things in life.