What is fiction?The answer to this question.Believe It or fiction - a genre of folklore, is a poetic or prosaic narration, small in volume, mainly comic content, the plot of which is the image of reality, deliberately distorted.
VJPropp, philologist and folklorist, answered the question about what is fiction - it is a species of fairy-tale genre, where inside vyvorochena reality.Treat them the narrative of the events in your life is absolutely impossible, like that, like a man's shoulders falls into swamp, duck on his head, building a nest and lay eggs, and then the wolf comes to eat them.
centuries in Russia there was a school of folklore for children aged 4 to 12 years, in which each manifests itself with great enthusiasm and hunting, called it fiction.
This genre founded clowns, storytellers, lucky to funny songs and words played in the villages and cities on the dial tone, and waxwings.
In a study of national folklore, performed Andrey Sinyavsky, we
differences between fairy tales and fables tiresome
said Andrei Sinyavsky and that in fiction, in order to achieve a comic effect, have words together, the values are reversed.As tiresome tales, fantastic story - a parody of the fairy tale as such.The difference between them lies in the fact that different side parodied.Adjusted to meaninglessness tiresome tale extent and the principle of coherence.Only the empty form of it remains: coiled, stretched to infinity chain of words.The fantastic story has been brought to the absurd fairy story content itself with its tendency towards the supernatural and miraculous.That's what fiction.
American folklore as an integral part of a genre of fiction, which dates back to competitions boast of the Wild West."Toastmasters International" is held every two years, contests of oratory, which as one component may include a variety of fantastic story telling.Participant in this case, given the history of 3-5 minutes, and then it is judged by a jury.
The most popular heroes of the tales in America include the following characters, some of which are also historical: the giant lumberjack Paul Bunyan, who took an ax in hand on the second day after his birth;Pete Cordes, his younger brother;Tony Beaver;Pecos Bill, Daniel Boone and others.
Fables in other countries
Typically, action stories (folklore Australia) takes place in the bush, for example, Spivey, legendary ranch.They are the protagonists of Big Bill scooped well designed for the extraction of coal, the most stupid ranch resident;as well as the famous Strigal who possessed great power, called Crooked Mick.This character also appears in the work of "Whisper in the Wind" by Alan Marshall.
popular heroes of different fairy tales in Canada is Mafero Joe, a legendary character, the giant lumberjack.
Fables in the culture of modernity
popular means of storytelling in the early 20th century were the images that have been made on postcards.The creators of these are usually combined drawing and photography, use a change of perspective, and for the installation of a giant image of catching fish, hunt huge animals or riding on them, growing extraordinary size of the crop.Also Believe It (what is fiction, read at the beginning of the article) are different Chuck Norris Facts - humorous stories about him.
Using tales in fiction
characteristic are mainly for oral folklore, but there are also literary fiction, mostly based on different stories from folklore.Examples include the following: The Adventures of Baron Munchausen in the presentation of the writer Erich Raspe, Gargantua and Pantagruel of Rabelais's novel of the same name, Pomor tales Stepan Pisakhov and Boris Shergina.It also includes the poem "Confusion" Corneille Chukovsky, which consists entirely of shifters.
Chukovskij shows children that the behavior of the animals properly.At the heart of this tale is the struggle against evil: the sea was set on fire chanterelles, who took the match.Decoupling suddenly no one was able to put it out, only a small butterfly was able to do it.
Chukovsky in the struggle for the story in the 20's had to deal with teachers, claim that it obsolete element of bourgeois culture, they even published a scientific work - a collection of articles under the title "We are opposed to the fairy tale."It was also a lot of offensive against turncoats.It Chukovskij revived the genre.Today, fortunately, the attitude towards a very different tale.
Samuil Marshak (years of life - 1887-1964) wrote a famous poem about the man in the street scattered pools.They were created before the war, when the writer lived in Leningrad, not far from existing in reality Street Pool (today it is called street Nekrasov).
In children, the first exercise is a logical division of the subject, providing him with improper signs.Children invent stories and shifters themselves.Roots Chukovsky wrote that the use of such tales and verses is clear: any deviation from the norm reinforces the child in it, it evaluates all of the above firm orientation in this world.The child his mental powers like doing an exam and sustains it, which raises confidence in intelligence, self-esteem, so necessary for children to be lost in our chaotic world.
Fables for adults are verbal gibberish, absurdities, and for the child - funny stories about what really can not be.Note that from time immemorial the people there is this kind of folklore, and in fact folklore retains only the best filtering out useless.The child, gradually revealing the pattern of this world, making new ideas, gradually play different concepts, since only through the game a little man can understand the structure of the universe.
Children inverting different phenomena, putting new meaning to a known, learn how to use and to better manage the various concepts form the imagination, the freedom of thought, so begin to feel and understand the humor.
We considered that such stories.Defining types, their functions were also studied by us.As you can see, this genre is quite interesting and useful.Nursery rhymes and stories - is not just entertaining stories, they are very specific, serious goals, helping to shape the child's personality.