No other works of Russian poets do not rife with irony and ridicule, as creativity Vladimir Mayakovsky.Satire writer unusually sharp, topical and mostly social aims.
homeland Mayakovsky was Georgia.It was there, in the village of Baghdad, and was born on July 17, 1893 the future poet.In 1906, after the death of his father, he moved to Moscow with her mother and sisters.For active political position several times sent to prison.Ends Stroganov School.While still a student begins a futuristic way of Mayakovsky.Satire - along with shocking and bravado - is becoming a hallmark of his poetry.
However, Futurism, with its nihilistic protest could not fully accommodate all the power of the writer's words of Mayakovsky, and the themes of his poems have quickly become to go beyond the chosen direction.More and more was heard in them a social subtext.Pre-revolutionary period in Mayakovsky's poetry has two distinct areas: accusatory, a satirical, open all the shortcomings and defects of tsarist R
Thus, a satire in the works Mayakovsky at the earliest stages of creativity has become a hallmark of the poet among fellow literary workshop.
What is Futurism?
word "futurism" is derived from the Latin futurum, meaning "the future".So called avant-garde direction of the beginning of XX century, characterized by denial of past achievements and the desire to create something radically new in art.
- anarchy and rebellion.
- denial of cultural heritage.
- Cultivation of progress and industry.
- outrageous and pathos.
- denial of established norms of versification.
- experiments in the field of poetry with rhyme, rhythm, focus on slogans.
- creation of new words.
All these principles could not be better reflected in the poetry of Mayakovsky.Satire naturally flows into these innovations and create a unique style inherent to the poet.
What is satire?
Satire - a way to describe the reality of art, whose task is to rebuke mockery, hard-hitting criticism of social phenomena.Satire often uses hyperbole and grotesque to create a distorted image of a conditional personifying ugly side of reality.Its main characteristic feature - a pronounced negative attitude towards depicted.
Aesthetic orientation of satire is the main cultivation of human values: goodness, justice, truth, beauty.
In Russian literature, satire has a long history, its roots can be found in the folklore, she later migrated to the village of books due AP Sumarokov, DI Fonvizin and many others.In XX century, the power of satire Mayakovsky's poetry is unparalleled.
satire in verse
Already in the early stages of creativity Vladimir Mayakovsky collaborated with the magazines "New Satyricon" and "Satyricon."Satire has flight this period of romanticism and is directed against the bourgeoisie.The early poems of the poet is often compared to Lermontov due to opposition of the author "I" surrounding society, because of the pronounced revolt of loneliness.Although they clearly present a satire Mayakovsky.Verses close futuristic settings, very original.Among them are: "Here you are!", "Hymn to the scientist," "Hymn to the judge," "Hymn to dinner" and so on. D. Even in the very title of the work, especially the "hymns", the irony audible.
post-revolutionary creativity Mayakovsky dramatically changes its orientation.Now his characters - not well-fed bourgeois, and the enemies of the revolution.Poems are complemented slogans and propaganda posters that reflect the surrounding changes.Here the poet showed himself as an artist, as many of the works consist of poems and drawings.These posters have entered into a series of "window of growth."Their characters - irresponsible peasants and workers, the Whites and the bourgeoisie.Many placards denouncing the vices of our time, who stayed on past life, since the post-revolutionary society Mayakovsky seems ideal, and all the bad things in it - the remnants of the past.
Among the most famous works, which reaches its climax satire Mayakovsky - poem "Prozasedavshiesya", "On the trash" "Poem of the Butcher, a peasant woman and a wide scale."The poet uses the grotesque to create absurd situations and often acts from a position of reason and common understanding of reality.All the power of satire Mayakovsky aimed at exposing weaknesses and ugliness of the world.
Satire plays in
satire in the works of Mayakovsky's poems is not limited, it is manifested in the play, for them to become sense-center.The most famous of them - it's "Bug" and "bath."
play "Banya" written in 1930, and from the definition of its genre author begins irony, "a drama in six acts with a circus and fireworks."The conflict it is in opposition to the official Pobedonosikova Chudakov and inventor.In itself, the product is perceived easy and fun, but it is a struggle with the senseless and ruthless bureaucratic machine.The conflict is allowed to play is very simple: from the future arrives "phosphoric woman" and takes the best of humanity with itself, where Communism reigns and bureaucrats remain with nothing.
play "Bug," written in 1929, and in its villages Mayakovsky waging war against philistinism.The protagonist, Pierre Skripkin, after a failed marriage miraculously falls into the communist future.It is impossible to clearly understand the relationship to the world of Mayakovsky.Satire poet mercilessly ridicules its flaws: the work done by machines, love eradicated ... Skripkin here seems most alive and real man.Under his influence, society is slowly beginning to crumble.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky became a worthy successor of the traditions of Saltykov-Shchedrin and Gogol.In his poems and plays, he can accurately identify all the "ulcer" and disadvantages of modern society writer.The satire in the works Mayakovsky carries a pronounced focus on the fight against philistinism, the bourgeoisie, the bureaucracy, the absurdity of the world and its laws.