"Pechorin - a hero of his time": an essay

Respect is the desire of writers and poets created works of his generation.So it is written, "Eugene Onegin", "Doctor Zhivago," "The Quiet Don".Mikhail Lermontov was also able to bring posterity, that it was his Pechorin - a hero of his time.The writing of this novel was started 24-year-old poet and completed when he was 26 years old.How little he had time to become a classic!Lermontov saw the publication of his creation.He stayed for a year of life before the fateful duel in Pyatigorsk ...

Lermontov continued the tradition of the "heroes time»

This novel draws the line of life and frustrating quest gifted poet, his result was the loser Pechorin."The heroes of his time" - an essay that has become traditional for the Russian literature after Pushkin's "Eugene Onegin."However, there is a reasonable question: "Why are these characters so easy to allow life circumstances have painted themselves into a corner, making redundant people in society?»

Why character Pechorin conflict with society

unrequited love, severe, broken person ...For Pechorin (and hence to Lermontov) did not exist halftone reality he perceived either in white or in black.Last prove memories of Prince AI Vasilchikova, who told that Lermontov with most people was "arrogant and full of life" and with only a very narrow circle of close friends - soul.

However, he passed like the hero of his novel way of life, Mikhail was certain Grigory Pechorin - a hero of his time.The composition of the plot works illustrates this.

chronological logic of the novel

In it the author departs from the actual chronology of events, which, by the logic of the time, shall be as follows:

title story

Brief description of the plot

«Taman»

young officer Pechorin comes at the service of the existing unit.

«Princess Mary»

After the military expedition of the main character of the novel rests in Pyatigorsk.Pechorin - a hero (as it positions itself).Based on this promise, it ignores the basic moral principles.

«Bella»

service reference to the fortress after the duel, ending Grushnitsky murder.

«fatalist»

Leaving the main character of the fortress for a couple of weeks.

«Maxim»

meeting with Maxim Maximovich on his way to Persia.

implemented in the novel sequence of events

To understand the orientation of the personality of the character of Lermontov, first formulate the known eastern idiom, which gives, in our opinion, the key to understanding it: "If I knew, who I really am,I would not live as he lives, whom I perceive as myself. "

That is his problem!He can not figure out how to come into a state of harmony with the environment and with people.Restless in life, restless Pechorin - a hero of his time.Composing Lermontov so casts off the usual course of events and follows its internal logic - the evolution of the individual Grigory.The sequence of parts of the novel, of course, dramatically transformed:

title story

Brief description of the plot

«Bella»

hero in the highest peak of stagnationLight tries to wake up the senses.Pechorin to please your desires Goryanka kidnaps Bela and then, without thinking about the consequences reserves.She dies.

«Maxim»

hero of his time in the Depression, but he did not repent of the death of Bela.The reader sees Pechorin in communion with Maxim Maximovich.He tries to awaken the spiritual power of the young officer, but Gregory wants only to finish this conversation as quickly as possible.

«Taman»

This lead an active, dynamic Grigory disturbing "honest smugglers."Realizing that he brought misfortune to these people, it refleksiruet.

«Princess Mary»

Petchorin Kislovodsk vile and unethical acts with his daughter Princess Ligovskaia: her charms to himself, and then declares that it does not like.In addition, he provokes conflict with Grushnitsky and kills him in a duel.

«fatalist»

all suppressed feelings of the hero.He considers himself above them and trying to understand something that drives individuals.After Vulic kills himself in the game "Roulette Hussar" after the prediction, the protagonist ponders whether there is fate.

real nature

Pechorin Lermontov trying to show that indeed cynical and selfish Pechorin - a hero of his time.The writing of the poet certifies us Gregory did not know what they do.Indulging your desires and amused with people, like a cat with a mouse, it sweeps through life like a ball on an inclined plane, gaining critical acceleration and knocking down everything in its path.So what is the cause of the tragedy of this person?Could Petchorin stop, end their destructive path?

Obviously, yes!The problem is that he is aware of its harmfulness selfishness, not trying to restrict them.The result is obvious - the degradation.It appears to the reader first individualist wishing happiness ("Bela"), then - confused and depressed by his errors ("Maxim"), then make sure that, without realizing it, brings people trouble ("Taman")then he turns into a monster, carrying people to the evil ("Princess Mary"), and, finally, he is emasculated from the passions and internally ready to accept as a gift, a senseless death ("fatalist").

Where is the wisdom?

Speaking frankly, it is unlikely Pechorin - a hero of his time.Composing Lermontov simply follows the course of the life and thoughts of him.(After all, even in the days of Nicholas reaction was far more people who are in harmony with society.)

poet and finished the journey of life is extremely ridiculous ...

It is a long time not UNIMA, exasperated Martynov former Horse Guards angry and insulting one-liners (witnessesthis case unanimous).In Lermontov's like a demon possessed.Paradoxically, Lermontov himself actually was the initiator of the fatal duel in Pyatigorsk.

not it smacks of metaphysics?A year before his death, the poet "kills" the protagonist of his work, and "written off" with you!We can only ask the question: "Is it an accident, a terrible storm that erupted over Pyatigorsk at a time when Lermontov gave up the ghost?"(The latter is documented in the police report).

Conclusion

Can we say that Pechorin - a hero of the transitional period?The writing of Lermontov's novel itself refutes this idea.He - just one of the many character types found in Russia in the first half of the XIX century.After all, apart from him, there is a sensitive and humane Maxim, is noble and enthusiastic Princess Mary has prohibited fishing involved, but still quite humane smugglers.Grigory as an image in the novel are not typical of them!

In addition, the hero of Lermontov, despite a sharp mind, "empty inside".There is no spiritual feedback mechanism, harmonizing its relations with people and society.For the Christian the same country, which was and is Russia, it is simple: humility and repentance.The logic is clear.Repent sincerely Petchorin stupid after that he has done in the story "Bella", and the novel would become a single story that ends with "happy ending."

But no ... Starting "step on the mop," Pechorin comes to her as long as she breaks through his head ...

Well, what else can I say?"Fools and roads ...»