literature and folk tales belong to the same genre, so it is quite difficult to determine the difference between a folk tale from the literature.Visible differences are merely a form of narration and inner content.The basis of any fairy tale story is an amazing story of all-time adventures (and sometimes misadventures) protagonists, but the works of folk story is based on the traditional pattern, but in literary narrative is the author's version of the presentation.
To identify the differences of literary and folk stories, should explore the definition of these concepts.Folk tale - is an ancient cultural heritage which, even in embellished form, preserved ancestral representation of the relationship of the world (nature) and man.There clearly demarcated the boundary between good and evil, reflected the basic laws of morality and moral principles of human society, demonstrated striking features of national identity, beliefs and way of life.Fairy tales, folk called, have their own classifica
- Magic ("Magic Ring", "Two Frost", "Frost").
- Epic ("Bulat-done", "Vavila and buffoons", "Dobrynya and the Serpent").
- Household ("Poor master and servant," "Thieves and the judge," "expensive lunch").
- Powerful ("Ivan - a peasant's son and Wonder Yudo," "Ivan - the son of a cow," "Nikita the Tanner").
- satirical ("Good pop", "A fool and birch", "Porridge ax").
separate niche in the presented classification occupy tale characters who perform animal ("Geese-swans", "Goat-Dereza", "Masha and the Bear").Their appearance specialists associated with ancient pagan rituals and beliefs.
Comparing folk and literary fairy tale, certainly worth considering that last occurred much later than the first.Through the introduction of Enlightenment ideas in European literature, in the XVIII century there are the first author reading processing of folk tales, and in the XIX century, have been widely used traditional literary fairy tales.Among the most succeeded in this field are allocated A. Hoffman, Charles Perrault, Hans Andersen and, of course, the brothers Grimm - recognized as classics of the genre.
similarities of literary and folk tales are determined by the fact that both are repeated folklore motives, magic attributes are always present, but in the literary development of the plot, the choice of the main characters is strictly subordinated to the will of the author.Also in the second half of the XIX century literary fairy tale it becomes very close to short stories and even novels.A striking example can serve the works of Russian writers Leo Tolstoy and Alexander Pogorelsky and Europe: S. Lagerlof, Oscar Wilde and Lewis Carroll.
Comparing the features of folk and literary fairy tale, should pay special attention to the folk traditions of the author's tale, combining it with the people's:
- Writers used in his works narrative motifs of folklore (ethical and moral temptation - a test of the protagonist, the presence of animal-helpers, the miraculous origin of the characters, the hatred of her stepmother and stepdaughter t. h.).
- According to reputable domestic folklorist Propp, writers use traditional, familiar from childhood images of the central characters who perform certain functions (antagonist, protagonist, an assistant of the protagonist, the donor, the pest-monkey stolen object lzhegeroy).
- In its creation time and space storytellers created in accordance with the unwritten laws of the fairy folk of the world: a place - fantastic, sometimes indefinitely: Far Far Away kingdom, ramshackle dugout island Buyan, and so on. D.
- Using the techniques of poetic speech: threefold repetition, constantepithets, verbal formulas, colloquialisms, proverbs, idioms.
Such attention to the folk origins allows him to see the appeal to writers, storytellers and specificity of literary fairy tale.
To understand the difference between a folk tale from the literature, it is worth to pay attention to originality of form and content, namely:
- The author's tale more pronounced graphic, t. E. In more detail, in detail and,importantly, colorfully described the appearance, emotions, characters, scene and events.
- In psychology there is a literary fairy tale, more in-depth and detailed study of the inner world of feelings and emotions of the characters.
- Characters copyright legends are not generalized facial features are unique personality traits.For example, such writers as Yershov, Pushkin, Odoyevski, pay attention to the psychological explanation of behavior and action heroes.
- Like any work of literature, tales of writers characterized by a pronounced stable author's position that determines its emotional tone.For example: "The Tale of Tsar Saltan ..." - clean, bright, noble;"The Tale of the Dead Princess and the Seven Knights" - a graceful, gentle, sad;"The Tale of the Priest and of His Workman Balda" - balagurnaya, mocking;"The Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish" - ironic but sad.
What is different from the literary fairy tale yet?The fact that the author's work allows the reader to discern the face of the author, his spiritual world, passions and moral values.This is a fundamental difference between folk tales, which displays the ideals of ethnic groups, and the particular personality of the narrator erased.
The most important
So, what is different from the literary fairy tale?The latter is the author's work, unlike the first, which was the result of collective creativity as an epic subgenre.Literary legend - it is recognized as an established genre fiction and popular - is a special kind of folk genre, which is a characteristic of an oral retelling.
favorite literary genre kids
Literary fairy tales are one of the most revered literary genres in children.Even school reading program contains works by such pisateleyA.Pushkin, VFOdoevskogo PPErshov, VAZhukovsky, which are included in the golden fund of Russian and world literature for children.Their reading contributes to the speedy formation of moral and aesthetic representations of children, develop their literary horizons and a common culture.But most importantly, such products contribute to the development of creativity, imagination and unconventional thinking young readers.