Poetic dimensions: how to define?

Before we address the question of how to determine the size of lines of poetry, it should be noted that this is a syllabic-tonic system of versification, which is the defining element of the stop.This is a repeating element, which consists of a certain amount of shock and unstressed syllables.The foot was already known in antiquity, but there it was not because of stressed and unstressed syllables, and from the long and short.

size is determined by the nature and quantity of the foot brake in verse (verse line).One of the common mistakes wording - is tautological phrase "poetic verse size."This phrase can often hear from students and even by teachers, it is incorrect, although it is very common.The size of the verse is inherently poetic, so ill ask, "How do I determine the size of the poetic verse?" - The right to say: "How to determine the size of the verse?»

syllable foot

The nature of foot depends poetic dimensions.How to determine the nature of the foot, chanting prompt, record the verse i

n the form of the scheme and the definition of the place of the stressed syllable in each repeating element of the poem.

syllable foot consisting of two syllables (that is, an element is repeated every two syllables).

If the first syllable repeated percussive element, and the second - unstressed, it ferrets.Suffice it to repeat several times every trochaic word (summer, fall), to feel the sound of the choir.Khorey very common in poetry, known to readers as the works of contemporary authors, as well as on the works of the classics.Trochaic verses are very characteristic of poetry, addressed to children:

Once in autumn donkey Osya

very bad night sleep.

And when the clock struck eight,

Donkey Osya not get up ... (A Chebyshev)

Hedgehog Honya was demure,

Hedgehog Honya no hurry.

One day hedgehog Honya

decided to go to get water ... (A Chebyshev)

Bath day bug.

very troublesome to him:

It is necessary to wash the shirt

and wash yourself ... (A. Chebyshev)

If the shock in the foot is the second syllable, it is pentameter.Iambic verse no less popular.

fluffy kitten was

and very naughty.

He ran very quickly

the cat and me.

more bugs to the dog

He often molested ...

And if you take the pen,

purr he slept.(A Chebyshev)

to "hear" the sound of iambic iambic enough to repeat any word (spring fever).Pentameter is usually associated with the sound of Pushkin's "Eugene Onegin".

three-syllable foot

three-syllable foot composed respectively of three syllables, one of which - the first, second or third - stroke.

If the impactor first syllable, it is called a dactyl.To "hear" dactyl, it suffices to repeat any word dactylic (happily, sadly).Dactyl is very common in Russian poetry, but it can be found somewhat less iambic and chorea.

three and four, and two hippo

met two and four elephant.

nearby - one - it was a swamp,

Two - a river.

and palm trees - one.

Three and one behemoth said:

«Hello, two and four elephant."

And the rest were lying under a palm tree.

There were many,

A palm tree - one.(A Chebyshev)

If the stressed syllable - second, it amphibrach.After repeating word amphibrachic (native, dog, nature) it is easy to feel a special resonance amphibrach.Amphibrachic name of a fictional character Pupusika defined sound comic cycle of poems by Andrei Chebyshev "Economic pupusik and eight convex nusik»:

... Once pupusik Vodichev flowers,

A nusiki measured the water in the pot,

make sure that it does notskhimichil

And every pot over and over Vodice ...

... Once pupusik raisins

dinner and remembered that a handful of salt or not.

A nusiki syamknuli "Not trumbambol!

Back in the old Buba zachuhlilas salt ... »

... Once pupusik kuzyunilsya other,

Suddenly nusiki vzvyaknuli loud fright:

« Pupusik!Pupusik!He is not one!

Look how he predatory eyes around!

He ate three konfyushki and blyambochek six.

nusiki But that night there will be? .. »

As if the shock is the third syllable of the three say about anapaest.To feel anapaest can be repeated several times anapestovoe any word (town, four).

... and sometimes even Sunday.

And today you can not indulge,

Because when the resurrection,

We do not have to get up early.

Mom-Dad will not alarm clock,

like today to swear in the morning ...

A but I have in the fridge

Very tasty fish eggs.

And yesterday the spring on Sunday -

There's still selling elephants -

with mother-to-dad families we walked,

And they had a ... Sergei Panov (A. Chebyshev)

's five most common,Classic feet.The Russian classics basically they are used, and they determine the most famous and popular poetic dimensions.How to determine the size of himself, and not only the type of foot, will be described below.

quadrisyllabic foot (peons)

Russian poetry also knows quadrisyllabic foot, they are called peons.If the first syllable, the foot is called a peon I, where a second, then, respectively, peony II, and so on.Peons easily confused with trochee or pentameter, but if you listen, the sound of them is different.As part of the school curriculum are mainly talking about classical foot - and dvuslozhnikah trehslozhnikah.

pentasyllabic foot (peptones)

In addition, there may be pentasyllabic foot or pyatidolniki or peptones.These stops can be found in Russian folk poetry and its stylization.The most widely purchased pyatislozhniki third stressed syllable: "How in the mother, in the damp earth ..." The sound of peptone III is really very typical and unforgettably, familiar to many on the Russian epics.

number of feet in verse

Foot determined poetic dimensions.How to determine the type of foot, described above, but in order to know how the size of the poem is written, knowledge of the type of foot is not enough.Stop - this is the unit that measures the size.The second action, which is necessary to make - to calculate how many feet line of verse forms (verse).

correct name poetic dimensions so sound like this: "trisyllabic ferrets" (the number of trochaic feet in a row - three), "pentasyllabic pentameter" (the number of iambic feet in a row - five), "disyllabic anapaest" (number anapestovyhStop in a row - two), and so on. d. Common Mistakes allow many pupils and students, answering the question: "What size?" - referring to a type of foot.Wrong to say "The size of this poem - dactyl", correct to say: "The size of this poem - trehstopny (dvustopny and so on. D.) Dactyl."

Quantification stop in verse

So, on the number and nature of the stop depends on poetic dimensions.How to determine the number of feet?It depends on the number of drum (circuit) accents.Let us explain this with an example chorea and amphibrach.

If I wear a hat,

I become almost like the Pope.

Well, Dad, and without a hat

anyway like a dad.

In this poem Andrew Chebyshev "Pro Dad's Hat" is defined as the size of quadrisyllabic ferrets as poetic line (v) contains four trochaic feet.

Horse on the field, jumped, jumped,

galloped across the field and was very tired.

And Field stood and plucked the grass.

Again galloping, galloping, galloping.

and bathed in the river, and played a mane,

Again on the field rode, rode.

no wind, no bird does not catch up with her.

No one knows how to ride fast.

In this poem by the same author, too, the number of stop four feet but, unlike the previous example, do not choreic and amphibrachic, so the size of this poem - chetyrehstopnym amphibrach.