problem of upbringing and education of the eighteenth century, is placed in the main work of Denis Fonvizin, and contributes to the development of the conflict behavior of the characters and their characteristics."The Minor" - a brilliant comedy about lzheintelligentah who take lessons from the best teachers of the state, and do absolutely nothing to learn.So was the main character, Mitrofan.
Summary."The Minor" as the best educational comedy
family Prost is going to marry her only son Mitrofan on clever and beautiful Sophia.On the bride has views and Skotinin who wants to take over after the celebration of the village livestock - pigs, to whom he was very fond.But Sophia did not feel a sense to any of the suitors and waiting for the third - brought up and educated boy Milo.Shortly before the wedding, the girl's uncle Starodum declared that reports of a large inheritance.Prost, having heard about this, wish to accelerate the suit, and before that taught his son to read and write.From that moment beg
Mitrofan - a minor boy, who has not served in the public service and do not differ sharp mind.On the lessons he is rude to teachers and jeering at them, did not respect his mother and said: "I do not want to learn, want to get married!".Fortunately, in the village of Staro time it appears to Milo, who are going to take away from Sophia Prost.The mother of the family does not cease to insist on his imaginary achievements and glory in his son.Starodum convinced that Mitrofan must first of all give a good education and upbringing: ignoramus says illiterate and unable to answer simple questions.Marriage Sophia with him and did not take place because the girl agrees to Milo.Prost remain in his village, and Starodum leaving with newly minted bride and groom.
problems of education in the society of the 18th century as an example of family Prost
Enlightenment in Russia and around the world commemorated the development of scientific and philosophical thought.Opened salons, schools, since the presence of a good education was fashionable, especially among the nobility.Education does not end with the knowledge of foreign languages and the ability to behave in society: a person must be able to read, write and count.The problem of upbringing and education in the comedy "The Minor" put another way: older people such as Ms. Prost, believe that training is not necessary.Mitrofan life is not useful in arithmetic: "The money is there - numbered and without Pafnutich horoshohonko."However Prost makes his son to study, so he looked worthy in the eyes of the public.
images of positive and negative characters
"The Minor" - Classic comedy in which complied with all the unity, including the names of speakers.The reader is easy to guess that Prost, Skotinin and Vralman are negative characters: the first is as simple as a penny, and the second is characterized predilection for cattle, a third zavralsya so that he forgot his origins;for example, another negative character, Mitrofanushka, the author raises an actual problem of upbringing and education.
In the comedy "The Minor" Staro, and Milo are Pravdin carrier virtues.They want to rescue Sophia Prost from the village, and they succeed.These people were given the best education and they talk about the "ignoramuses without a soul," such as Mitrofan.These goodies sublime, so readers cite them until now.
comedy "The Minor" becomes interesting because of an unusual nature of the protagonist.Ms. Prost worships the soul in his only son.She praises him a good education, though he never learned to read, and other sciences.Fonvizin wrote the best classic comedy depicting the conflict of Education, in which the reader can delve deeper by reading the full content.
Nedorosl Mitrofanushka portrayed Near the front pages of the comedy.Sixteen-year young man has not been in the public service and reluctantly learns.It is a collective image of "mama's boys" who lead a parasitic life, living under the care of the parents and not answering them on the good care and affection.In a family where grown Mitrofan, is in ignorance and incivility.
images of teachers and their characteristics
Ms. Prost hires three teachers of his son Tsyfirkin, Kuteikin and Vralmana.The first is the most decent and honest.Pafnutich Tsyfirkin responsible attitude to the issue of education and struggling to teach Nedorosl arithmetic, but is experiencing harassment and Prostakova Vralmana.At the end of the comedy he refuses payment for his work, because, as he himself admits, he was not able to teach their science Mitrofan.
dropouts seminarian Kuteikin boasts that comes from scientists, however, and he can not find the right approach to the ignoramus.During the four years of study grammar Mitrofan "new line will not understand."In the final Kuteikin require payment not only for the hours of teaching, but also for relations shoes.
Vralmanu succeeded location at Prost flattering speeches.A false teacher claims that Mitrofan enough to know how to behave in society, arithmetic and grammar will not go in his favor.Soon Starodum exposes Vralmana he recognizes him as his retired driver, who started a new craft.The problem of upbringing and education in the comedy "The Minor" is solved in the final: Mitrofan decides to give to the army as a young man turned a deaf ear to the sciences and basic etiquette.
meaning of the last scenes
The name reveals the essence of comedy Mitrofan, his negative response.Oaf not only turned a deaf ear to the issues of education, but also shows a basic lack of respect for the older generation.He shocked his mother that it is not chayala soul and made for him all the best.Such as Ms. Prost, say they Perelyub their children."Yes, fuck off, my mother" - tells her Mitrofanushka, after which the poor woman fainted and Starodum concludes: "Here zlonraviya fruits worthy."The final author has a profound meaning: the people who initially were deaf to the sciences, rarely gain a desire to learn through the years, so remain ignoramuses.Ignorance breeds and other negative human qualities: greed, brutality, cruelty.
At the end of the play media virtue - Sofia, Milo, and Pravdin Starodum - Prost leave the village."Ignoramuses with no soul" is to choose the path of development: they must change world, or they will remain the same soulless.