Poem Nekrasov "Grandpa" was written in 1870.In this article, we will describe its summary, will talk about the interesting history of creation.Also analyzed the poem "Grandpa" Nekrasov.Let's start with a brief summary.
poem "Grandpa" (Nekrasov): summary
Little Sasha once saw his father in the office portrait of a young general and decided to ask who it is.Father said that this man - his grandfather.But details about him began to tell.So begins the poem by Nekrasov "Grandpa."
Sasha then ran to her mother and began questioning her, which now is this man and why the boy had never seen him.The mother had tears in her eyes, she said sadly to his son that he himself recognizes when he grows up.Soon this mysterious grandfather came to visit the family of the boy.They all greeted him, happy.Sasha decided to ask his grandfather why it was not so long ago in a house and where his uniform.But he said, repeating the words of his mother: "When you grow up - you learn."
Poem Nekrasov "Grandpa" proceeds as f
poem "Grandpa" (Nekrasov), a summary of which we describe relates, in particular, about what he did the main character, arrived home.My grandfather was a general, but despite this, he perfectly controlled with a plow, even plowed the whole field alone.Without a moment he sat easily.Once home, Grandpa walked, enjoy nature, socializing with his grandson, everything worked (something in the garden, then the plow, something darn repaired).And he sang, told stories that are very interested in a boy who grew up in a good family, instilled in him an interest in the fate and history of the Russian people.Grandfather often sad, remembering something.When Sasha was interested in the cause of this sadness, he replied that everything had passed, all is well.After all, quite a different time now, people now easier.
Earlier in the country, he saw a lot of suffering that is now calm and peaceful it seemed to him all around.Grandfather often performed songs about the free nation, glorious hike, wonderful beauties.
spravno time dragged on.Santa always answered any questions Sasha that said: "When you grow up - you learn."The boy thus appeared keen interest in the study.After a while he was studying geography and history.The boy could show on a map where is Petersburg, Chita, tell a lot about the life of Russian people.Santa because of past wounds became increasingly ill at.Now he needed a crutch.He knew, looking at Sasha, the boy soon learns about the terrible events that took place recently in Russia - about the uprising of the Decembrists.Thus ends the poem by Nekrasov "Grandpa."Now tell about the history of its creation.
Kostroma foundation works
Nekrasov in the early seventies of the 19th century worked on a cycle of poems about the fate of the Decembrists, "Grandpa" (written in 1870), and "Russian women", whichIt consisted of two parts: in 1871, was completed "Princess Trubetskaya" and in 1872 - "The Princess Volkonskaia."
Appeal to the subject at first glance may seem uncharacteristic of the poet Nekrasov, indifferent to historical subjects.However, as noted by Nikolay Leonidovich Stepanov, it was exactly a revolutionary appeal to the pages of the past and not to the story itself, a reminder of the selfless figures and the first attempt of the revolution in our country.The prototype of
Subject basis of the work is the story of an old man came to the Decembrist estate to his son.He was released from Siberia in 1856 published at the time the manifesto.
This poem is dedicated to "Grandpa" Nekrasov?The prototype of the protagonist find Sergei G. Volkonsky (years of life - 1788-1865) - Prince, a former major general, well-known Decembrist.SG Volkonsky summer of 1857 arrived in the Kostroma province.
Governor of Moscow in August 1857 sent Andrei Fedorovich Wojciech, his colleague in Kostroma, a special decree on the establishment of supervision of this man who went to Bui County, in the name of his daughter.By this time she was a widow, as Dmitry V. Molchanov, her husband, who served in the Nikolai Nikolaevich Muraviev-Amursky (the governor-general of Eastern Siberia all) officer on special assignments, died in 1856 Elena Alekseeva, daughter Volkonsky, 1854a son, who was named after his grandfather Sergei.Thus, the poem "Grandpa" (Nekrasov) as the main storyline is based, by Nikolai taken from life (from a trip Sergei G. Volkonsky in the Kostroma province).
History poem "Grandpa"
Nekrasov about this trip could learn from his old friend - Prince MS Volkonsky (years of life - 1832-1902), with whom he often went hunting in the winter from St. Petersburg.This man was the son of SG Volkonsky.
One of the main sources to create this poem served, just remark V. Lebedev, the book "Siberia and penal servitude" SV Maksimov, published in the journal "Notes of the Fatherland" (which published Nekrasov) in1868-1869 years.
most reliable sources, which are arranged so when the work on these two poems were information taken them from the third part of the book - "state criminals".It contained detailed descriptions of Siberian life and exile of the Decembrists.The author not only visited all these places, but also visited the famous Tarbagatai.Nekrasovsky story about him has served the ideological grain of the poem.
Effect of censorship on a work plan
poem "Grandpa" (Nekrasov), the author had to change because of the censorship.Thus, in early acquaintance with the main character Nekrasov wrote that my grandfather went to his house, saying that he made peace with everything that had to endure in his lifetime.That is, the man realized that he had been correctly punished reconciled with the regime, crippled his life.In fact, however, this was not the case.We do this conclusion on the basis of subsequent speeches grandfather.Therefore, wrote these lines to mask his work from censorship (the poem "Grandpa") Nekrasov.
image of the protagonist
Grandpa shows gray, very old, but still active, cheerful, with integral teeth, firm posture and humble look.Nekrasov pays special attention to the gray hair to show how long the man had been in Siberia, how difficult his life was in the harsh edge of the suffering endured.
Grandpa pleased to tears to see the native nature, as in Siberia, it is quite another - a ruthless, gray alien.He dreams that the people of the peasant finally granted freedom, and all of them - nobles, peasants - would live in harmony with each other, everyone will be happy.
continue the analysis of the poem "Grandpa" (Nekrasov - author).The old Decembrist says: "There will be a free people!"He believes that soon all difficulties cease, ie believes in the liberal reforms carried out while Alexander II, who at that serf oppression will end.
story about life in Siberia
Grandpa said that "diva doing wonderful" work and the will of man.His faith in the quality of these confirmed the story of how in Siberia by the small group of people was built livable village, grown on bread which was considered barren harsh northern land in the remote village of Tarbagatai.Now there lived rich and happy "beautiful tall 'people.
attitude to different social groups of people
Grandpa calls clerks, officials and landowners possessors (ie greedy people).They broke the fate of serfs, upset their marriage, thrashed, robbed, gave recruits boys.But there were in our country and the good people who are genuinely worried about the fate of the country and the people.They were among the Decembrists at the Senate Square in 1825.
to struggle and victory over darkness, greed need intelligence unanimous and united force.True mountain, according to the grandfather, was the fact that our country was devastated, backward, and people were deaf to any attempt to develop it, to revive as people without this suffering.
But the protagonist calls to remember that in the world there is no "compelling victories."That is, sooner or later, all pests and villains come to an end, their evil will come back to them a hundredfold, and the people will be avenged.
Time to create poems
This poem was created at the time of a new social upheaval that began in the late 1860s and early 70s, and has been linked to the activities of the so-called revolutionary populists.Nekrasov wanted his work to remind people about the heroic feats that made the Decembrists came out openly against the government, and thus emphasize the importance of liberating ideas in Russia.In addition, he sought to draw the attention of his contemporaries to the fact that the situation of the Russian people has changed little since the abolition of serfdom.Nekrasov put the question on the need to continue to fight for workers' rights, for social justice.
topicality and relevance of the work
In the poem "Grandpa," the protagonist attempts to open the eyes of his grandson on the people of God, to instill the idea that you need to serve the truth and goodness.His speech met with a lively response.Sasha, talking with his grandfather, begins to look differently at the world, to think deeply.Now he hates evil and stupid, well-wisher to the poor.In his grandfather's grandson he wanted to educate future citizens.Topicality and relevance of the poem is precisely this.It resonated with the tasks set for ourselves of that time, including Nekrasov.
"Grandpa" - a poem that was created with the censorship requirements of the literature of the time.In the work Nekrasov, for obvious reasons I could not speak openly about the fact for which the protagonist was exiled to Siberia.Muffled sounds in the poem the story of the revolt of the Decembrists.But through all the product passes a bright line high holy idea of serving the people.
development themes in the future work of Nekrasov
poet and later worked on the reflection of the Decembrist theme.The next step was to appeal to the feat accomplished wives of the Decembrists, Send to a distant Siberia for hard labor for their husbands.The poem on the Princess Troubetzkoy Volkonskaya and Nekrasov expressed his admiration for these noble circle of the best representatives, understand the meaning of the cause for which their spouses are affected.
This completes the analysis of this work, as the poem "Grandpa" (Nekrasov).The writing does not claim full disclosure topics, but we have tried to consider all the possible details.