meaning of the name of comedy "Woe from Wit" It would be tempting to express in a short, terse, biting phrase.But it is doubtful whether this can be realized in this way.Let us illustrate this.
Search ideas "Woe from Wit»
Sergeyevich Griboyedov Drama Alexander in this play an innovative, multi-dimensional.So clearly determine who of the characters of the work (representing the "old age" or presents new) won and who lost, it is impossible.
play bears a philosophical sense and therefore favorably with simulated scenes from classic salon drama of the XIX century.Griboyedov it displayed a full-fledged Russian model of "demi-monde".
Title comedy "Woe from Wit" is deceptive: though, according to the author, it expresses the idea of the work, but this is not happening.The point talent Griboyedov.In fact, he did work on the order deeper than he was able to describe it.To explain this idea can only analogy with ... "Quiet Don" by Mikhail Sholokhov.
Griboyedov Griboyedov more artist-playwright
abstracting from the difference in ages.What is more important: the writer Sholokhov Sholokhov was stronger than the Communist (which stigmatize Pasternak).Do not become Mikhail in the "Quiet Flows the Don" reveals the "correctness" of the commissioners, but earnestly spoke about Gregory Melichove.And on the basis of this reader saw a true model of an unhealthy society.
Returning to the work of Alexander Sergeyevich Griboyedov, we can rightly say: the author has shown order of magnitude greater than the said simplified model "25 per intelligent fools."
play without winners and losers
on pressing issues early XIX century, raised in his work, a diplomat Griboyedov, a man undoubtedly shrewd, should look more widely.Civilizational conflict of the old with the new product draws this sense."Woe from Wit" is a scene of collision of two philosophies: the old, feudal-bureaucratic (the last century), and the new, bourgeois-raznochinskogo born in the minds of future Decembrists after Russia's victory over Napoleon.
Indeed, Alexander A. Chatsky express sharp and reasonable judgments after arriving from Europe, in the course of the play faced with a wall of incomprehension Moscow aristocratic society.
But for a young man sick of all, the collapse of his hopes for a mutual feeling of a young unmarried daughter Famusov Sophia Pavlovna.In addition, it "does not stack with a career" and, obviously, did not happen.You think he's finally lost?Do you think that the word "mountain" the author said it is relatively Chatsky?
and Famusov Why not become a "ace"!
Representatives of two worlds: Chatsky and FAMUSOV
What the author gives a description of the consequences of the conflict?"Woe from Wit" contains the final scene when Alexander A. removed, fueling resentment of "hurt feelings."However, not looks like a winner, and "Managing in a government location" Paul Afanasievich FAMUSOV, the organizer of the "cold as ice" Chatsky reception at his home.It also is not the winning side in the conflict.He pulled out his "zillion torment".FAMUSOV in the current hierarchy can not "jump over your head" in terms of career.He has a very average business acumen (he is lazy and does not know how to work with documents).His only hope - to increase the capital of the family by marriage with the daughter of a colonel Sergei Sergeyevich puffer.However, this is problematic.Sofia understands idiocy fetched father pass.
«Woe from Wit" - the story of the Russian preddekabristskoy
Thus, the meaning of the name of the comedy "Woe from Wit" - quite different.This is not a "mountain" only Chatsky against underestimating the public's views.(In the course of the play goodie is faced with 25 characters, which are the apologists of the old bureaucratic society.) On this issue should look wider.
This mountain throughout the post-war feudal Russia, where "Chatsky" (future Decembrists) already knew: should change the social matrix of society, to destroy the career ladder based on vysluzhivanii and flattery, to begin to develop new projects in the community.A company (including aristocratic) continues to live the "old life", allowing their small mercantile career aspirations, giving rise Molchalin.
personality of the author - the key that determines the meaning of his own works."Woe from Wit" - an attempt to Griboyedov in public resonance, loud roar (here can not do without the rough directness) the entire Russian society, there is a problem in its development.Clever-diplomat felt not only vital issues "of the day", perhaps he foresaw the coming split in society (which, as we know from history, led to violent reactions in times of Nicholas I).
you think he heard?Even Pushkin ironically reacted to the image Chatsky not understand it.What can I say more?
«Woe from Wit" - a play
innovative product makes a great bright images."Woe from Wit" - is not only the 26 people who appear on the scene.After all, there is also vnestsenicheskie characters.Prince Fedor, "botanist and chemist," cousin Skalozub, along with "practiced schisms and dissidence" professors Pedagogical Institute - Chatsky potential allies.
deserves respect and what the author is trying to convey the meaning of the name of the comedy "Woe from Wit", completely "cracked" the old drama.Griboyedov innovator moved to create works of classicism, his work - quite realistic.The author creates a complete model of society with 26 real, distinctive characters instead of 5-6 (the usual range of characters classicism).In the end, Alexander does not use the classic alexandrine, and moves to "free pentameter."
Instead of conclusion
we talking about the play, finally came to understand the meaning of the possibility of the names of the comedy "Woe from Wit".Note that in a work introduced characters are not perfect:
- freethinker, melancholic, "funny guy" (as Pushkin reviews) Chatsky;
- mercantile father of a family and an official of average intelligence FAMUSOV;
- nosy social climber and a deceiver Molchalin;
- smug and narrow-minded campaigner - Colonel Skalozub;
- confused between desire happiness and capable of meanness Sofia;
- still decent, but disenfranchised maid Lisa.
They help the reader to find the comedy in it deep philosophical subtext.
define as in "Woe from Wit" the main thing - the idea of the work.Can we say that Chatsky smart?Yes and no.He has an understanding of the dynamics of progress, but there is no contact with people.Let's be honest: it intellectually not afford to donate these ideas to the public.
Alexander ideologically opposed FAMUSOV.Can it be said that he is intelligent?Yes and no.He does not understand that the feudal state is moving toward a catastrophe, struggled maintaining outdated orders.But whether he is stupid?Hardly.Rather, he simply lives today.In addition, it is not an example Chatsky has a certain social status: the father of the family, living in harmony with society, t. E. Oriented in humans.His house is the nearest community to the aristocracy is the center of social life.
Conclusion: each of these heroes of the mind.However, their focus - polar opposites.One understands the perspective ways of development of society and can not implement them.Another, in principle, (it is if you want to find the words to convince his "inner circle"), but does not consider the pro-Western thinking Chatsky faithful, preferring "patriarchal olden times."
The problem is that the mind of these two men is aimed at mutual confrontation, and not on the development of society.This is the core ideas behind the title of the work.True classic said: "The problem of Russia - Fools and roads!»