Stances - it ... What stanzas in the literature?

Stances are a genre of medieval poetry, which remained popular and in the poetry of the later eras.Different writers created stanzas, often turned to this verse and Russian poets.

How did stanzas

homeland stanzas considered Italy.The word "stanza" is translated from Italian as "room" or "stop."Stations in the Italian Renaissance architecture - a room in which the signed papers or conduct important meetings, such as the Stanza della Senyatura.In the creation and decoration of the room involved the famous Raphael.

stanzas in the literature - it stanzas, each of which has its own special meaning, ie, each new verse does not continue to the previous one, but is a complete whole.One stanza expresses any one idea, but on the whole poem stanzas are organically related to each other and together create an artistic whole.

Stanzas in medieval literature

So, Italy was the birthplace of stanzas, and there they are most often used to glorify the members of the nobility.The first stanzas written Poliziano

, Italian poet, who lived in the 15th century, and they were dedicated to Giuliano de 'Medici.The Italian literature stanzas - the poem consisting of eight stanzas with rhyme.


Byron George Gordon Byron - the great British poet, who was a contemporary of Pushkin.Byron's poetry was devoted to the pride of the human spirit, the beauty of love.Byron took part in the uprising of the Carbonari and Greeks, and wrote his "Stanzas" in 1820.

There are stanzas of Byron, dedicated to the most beautiful corners of Greece and the Greek nature.The main theme of his stanzas - a love for the beautiful Greek woman, and the struggle of Greece for independence and freedom.Byron's poetry had a great influence on the work of Pushkin.

Stanzas in Russian poetry

Stanzas - a genre which in Russian poetry started to develop in the eighteenth century.In Russian literature, this little poem, which consists of quatrains, and most of its size - it chetyrehstopnym pentameter.Stanzas in Russian literature devoted most lyrical love for a young girl, but sometimes have been associated with social and cultural breakthroughs in the life of the country, such as stanzas of Pushkin.


Pushkin Alexander Pushkin wrote his famous "Stanzas" in the fall of 1827.In this work, which has been discussed many times, there is an image of Peter the Great, the famous Russian emperor.

appearance of this poem is connected with the beginning of the reign of Nicholas the First.Pushkin, "Stanzas" which began praising the imperial power, hoping that this will change the life of the monarch of ordinary people for the better.For his part, Nicholas I was hoping that Pushkin would help him calm the mood of young people.He invited Pushkin to help change the system of education and training.

¬ęStanzas" compared the two monarchs: Peter the Great and his great-grandson of Nicholas.Ideal for Pushkin is Peter.This king was a real worker, who did not shun any lessons.He was also a sailor, and academics, and a carpenter.Days in which the rules of Peter the Great, according to Pushkin, made Russia a great power.Though this king and overshadowed the beginning of its existence, unwanted executions, but later with the help of Russia could become great.Peter constantly studied and made to learn the others, he worked for the glory of their country.

Alexander Pushkin, "Stanzas" which became famous works in Russian literature, calls the Emperor Nicholas I to repeat the feat of Peter the Great and raise Russia to a new level.

Besides the "Stans", at about the same time, the poet wrote the poem and "Friends" and "The Prophet".It was assumed that all three of these poems form a single series and will be published in 1828 in the journal "Moscow Gazette."But Pushkin hopes did not come true: the emperor forbade the publication of his poems, as the chief of the Pushkin Russian police Benkendorf.


Lermontov Mikhail Lermontov is one of the most prominent artists in the Russian poetry.What stanzas, Lermontov learned after acquaintance with English poetry, especially the works of Lord Byron.

Stanzas speak Lermontov poem as small, which are not defined genre features.In the years 1830-1831 Lermontov wrote six poems that shape can be defined as stanzas.Their main theme is romantic love, in the poems of a young man turns to his beloved.Lermontov, stanzas which arose under the influence of works by John Byron's "Stanzas to Augusta" had an impact on the literary tradition of writing such works thereafter.

Lermontov's poems are filled with sadness of the protagonist, who sees the vanity and misery of his earthly life, dreams of another life.The poet writes about the loneliness in this world compares himself to a rock that withstands the onslaught of wind and storms, but can not protect them from the flowers growing on the rock.Mikhail Lermontov, stanzas which fully express the worldview of the poet, became a model for many other creators of Russian literature.

Stanzas Ann

Innocent Ann F. considered "swan Russian literature."Discovered his poetic talent at the age of 48 years, Innocent Ann became a prominent literary creator.His poem "Stanzas of the night" was a notable phenomenon in contemporary literature.Its content - is waiting for a meeting with the beloved, which should come in the dark of night.Many researchers believe that his poetry has in common with the poetry of the Impressionists, in particular, with paintings by Claude Monet.

Stanzas Esenina

Sergei Yesenin became the representative of the new Russian literature, which took the side of Soviet power.He fully supported the October Revolution, and all his works are aimed at supporting that appears when the Soviet system, to support the actions of the Communist Party.But at the same time, they also have their own characteristics.

While in Baku, in Azerbaijan, the poet started writing "Stanzas."Yesenin himself mentions it in his poem: he preferred to leave Moscow because of misunderstandings with the police.But, recognizing its flaws ("let it happen sometimes I drunk"), and Yesenin wrote that his mission - to sing no girls, stars and the moon, and the name of Lenin and Marx.He denies the influence of celestial forces in human society.People need to do everything to build on the land, says the poet, and it needs to make the entire industrial might.

Yesenin not accidentally gave his work called "Stanzas", the poem is clearly echoes Pushkin's "Stanzas."Yesenin was a fan of Pushkin's work, laying flowers at his monument.But Yesenin thought stanzas - it is not a form of love poetry, as a way to express their civic position.

¬ęStanzas" Esenina are not met with the approval of party leaders who wanted to see the party of the poet Yesenin fully dedicated to the ideals of the revolution.But this poem marks the turn of the poet from the "Moscow Taverns" the new Soviet reality.So says many critics.This product reacted enthusiastically employees journal "Red Virgin Soil", who felt that Yesenin, finally, is truly their own, Soviet poet.The correct direction of the poet was considered a consequence of the beneficial effects of the climate of the city of Baku, where he was then living, and friendship with Pyotr Ivanovich Chagin.


Brodsky Joseph Brodsky was an outstanding Russian poet, which is equally owned by Russian and English.He won the Nobel Prize at a relatively young age - 47 years.

native of St. Petersburg, he lived first in Russia, then in the United States.All his poems flashed Petersburg, the city most often mentioned in the famous work "Stanzas city."

Numerous studies of the book "New Stanzas to Augusta" shows that in this work are often used lexical units such as the names of Marie and Telemachus, and the words "Madame", "dear", "friend".The main target "new stanzas to Augusta" - a beloved, who is waiting for his friend.To her face all the gentle poet calls.According to Brodsky's poems can be judged that such stanzas in the literature.The central character Brodsky is lyrical hero, is also important for his poetry the motif of exile.

Collection "New Stanzas to Augusta" was dedicated to Mary Basmanova.It featured not only the images of lyric heroes and items.They have a symbolic meaning.Lyrical hero gives his girlfriend a ring with turquoise.Turquoise - a stone, made from the bones of men.The hero asks his beloved to wear this stone on the ring finger.

In the poem "A slice of the honeymoon," the author explores the maritime vocabulary.His beloved name is Marina, so he pays special attention to the marine theme.

poem "Night Flight" is dedicated to a journey in the belly of the plane, and the poet admits that he always wanted to go to Central Asia.Traveling on a plane for it has a double meaning - it is a flight to another life, and travel to the resurrection.The poet aspires to a different reality, where there is misery and suffering.